Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

Irish-born architect, of Galveston, Texas.   Nicholas Joseph Clayton, son of another Nicholas Joseph Clayton and his wife Margaret (née O'Mahoney) was born in Cloyne, Co. Cork, on 1 November 1840.  His father died while he was still a child, while his mother appears as a confectioner in Cloyne in Slater's National Commercial Directory of Ireland for 1846.(1)  In 1848 his mother emigrated with him to Cincinatti, Ohio. After working in various cities as a plasterer, marble carver and architectural draughtsman and serving in the United States Navy during the Civil War, he settled in Galveston, Texas, where he established a flourishing architectural practice.   He became one of the leading architects in Texas during the 1870s,1880s and 1890s, designing Catholic churches and other buildings for Catholic religious orders, public and commercial buildings and private houses.   He died in Galveston on 9 December 1916.  A collection of his drawings and pepers is in the Alexander Architectural Archive at the University of Texas at Austin.(2) 


All information in this entry not otherwise attributed is from the Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/fcl22.html (last visited, Feb 2010).

(1) p. 183.
(2) Nicholas Joseph Clayton: an inventory of his drawings and papers, 1883-1901,  http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/utaaa/00020/aaa-00020.html (last visited, Feb 2010).