GEDDES, PATRICK (SIR) #
- Born: 1854 Died: 1932
Scottish town planner, theorist and visionary, for whom see Oxford DNB. In the years 1911-1916 Patrick Geddes was heavily involved in the search for solutions to Dublin's acute health and housing problems. In 1911, on the invitation of the Women's National Health Association, he brought his Cities and Town Planning Exhibition to Dublin, while the Institute of Public Health was holding its congress there. The exhibition was later displayed in Belfast. In September 1913 he gave evidence on behalf of the Women's National Health Association to the Local Government Board's inquiry into working class housing conditions in Dublin. In March 1914 he persuaded the Lord Lieutenant, Lord Aberdeen, to give a £500 prize for an international Dublin Town Planning competition promoted by the Civics Institute of Ireland. The assessors of the competition were Geddes himself, the Dublin City Architect CHARLES JAMES MCCARTHY , and the American town planner John Nolen(1869-1937). The outbreak of the First World War delayed the meeting of the assessors, so it was not until 1916 that the first prize was awarded to PATRICK ABERCROMBIE of Liverpool University and his collaborators Sydney A. Kelly (1881-1943) and Arthur J. Kelly. Later in 1914, from 27 July until 15 August Geddes held a Summer School of Civics in Dublin to coincide with his Civic Exhibition, a history of urban civilization which was set up in the old Linen Hall. Just before the Summer School ended the Corporation apppointed Geddes and RAYMOND UNWIN as consultants who were to comment on and suggest improvements to various new housing schemes by C.J. MCCarthy. Among their recommendations, most of which were not adopted, Geddes proposed a workers' garden village at Marino.
From 1911 to 1914 Geddes's daughter Norah, was frequently in Dublin, working with the Women's National Health Association on converting derelict sites in the city into gardens and playgrounds. In 1915 she married her father's assistant FRANK CHARLES MEARS , who was involved in the setting up of the 1911 exhibition and also in the development of the Marino scheme.
Papers by Geddes relating to the planning of Dublin are in Strathclyde University Library, T/GED1/10.
All information in this entry is from M.J. Bannon, 'Patrick Geddes and the emergence of modern town planning in Ireland' Irish Geography 11
(2) , (1978), 141-8, and Ruth McManus, Dublin, 1910-1940: shaping the city and suburbs (Dublin, 2002), 38-9,49-53.
1 work entries listed in chronological order for GEDDES, PATRICK (SIR) #
|Building:||CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, TOWN PLAN|
|Nature:||PG one of thee adjudicators of Design for a Town Plan of Dublin competition promoted by the Civics Institute of Ireland.|
|Refs:||P. Abercrombie & others, Dublin of the Future (1922), 49.|
|Bannon, M.j.||'Patrick Geddes and the emergence of modern town planning in Ireland'||1978||Irish Geography 11 (2), (1978), 141-8.|