Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

English architect, for whom see Directory of British Architects 1834-1914 (RIBA 2001), II, 1050, and Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699(illus.), 698-700, for an account of his work in Ireland. In 1845 Sancton Wood won the competition for designing Kingsbridge Station in Dublin for the Great Southern & Western Railway Co.; his design was selected unanimously by the company's London committee, although the Dublin Committee had favoured the design of JOHN SKIPTON MULVANY. I JOHN SKIPTON MULVANY. I n the same year he was also appointed architect to the company. As such he designed the stations between Monasterevin and Limerick Junction, all of them - apart from Limerick Junction itself - in a gabled picturesque Gothic style.(1) He was also architect to the Irish South Eastern Railway, which developed a line from Carlow to Kilkenny in 1848-50.(2) His Irish work appears to have come to an end by 1856.

Inst.CE: elected associate, 4 April 1848.(3)
RIAI: presents drawings of stations for Great Southern & Western Railway, 29 January 1844;(4) fellow by 16 May 1850 when he presents a lithograph of 'one of the stations on the GSW Railway';(5) resigns membership 'as he is unable to attend meetings', in letter from 10 Craig's Court, Charing Cross, London, January 1868.(6)
RIBA:(7) elected associate, 22 February 1841; elected fellow, 8 March 1847.

See WORKS, for Irish work only.



References



(1) For an account of Wood's work for the GS & WR, see Jeanne Sheehy, 'Railway Architecture - its heyday', Journal of the Irish Railway Record Society 12, no. 68 (Oct 1975), 134-136, and Biddle, loc. cit..
(2) Biddle, op. cit., 699-700.
(3) Min.Proc.Inst.CE 86 (1885-86, Pt. IV), 378.
(4) RIAI minutes, 29 Jan 1844 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(5) RIAI general meeting minutes, 16 May 1850, 76.
(6) RIAI council meeting minutes, 27 Jan 1868, 99.
(8) Directory of British Architects, loc. cit.


19 work entries listed in chronological order for WOOD, SANCTON #


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Building: CO. CLARE, ENNIS, GORT ROAD, COUNTY COURT HOUSE
Date: 1845
Nature: Unsuccessful competition entrant. (Competition won by Henry Whitestone.)
Refs: Clare Journal, 27 Oct 1845

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KINGSBRIDGE, RAILWAY STATION (GREAT SOUTHERN & WESTERN RAILWAY TERMINUS)
Date: 1845-47
Nature: Designed terminus of GS & W R. John Skipton Mulvany's plans submitted in competition preferred by Company's Dublin Board, but SW's plans preferred by London committee.. Engineer: Sir John MacNeill. Contractor: William Dargan.
Refs: Pen and watercolour perspective view from SE in RIBA drawings collection, see Jill Lever, ed., Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects T-Z (1984), 261, and British Architecural Library Catalogue; http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/n2dNGrYoxl/MAIN_CAT/203820009/13 last visited Apr 2009);  another perspective view in collection of Iarnrod Eireann, Heuston Station, Dublin;  RA 1847, no. 1176; RHA 1850, no. 332; B 8, 24 Aug 1850, 406(illus.); 9, 18 Jan 1851, 46; DB 6, 15 May 1864, 94(illus.); Jeanne Sheehy, Kingsbridge Station (Gatherum 1, Aug 1973); Jeanne Sheehy, 'Railway Architecture - its heyday', Journal of the Irish Railway Record Society 12, no. 68 (Oct 1975), 134-5; Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 698,699(illus.);  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 687-8.


Building: CO. LAOIS, PORTARLINGTON, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1847
Nature: New picturesque Gothic station for Great Southern & Western Railway. Design exh. RHA, 1850. Opened 26 Jun 1847.
Refs: RHA 1850, no. 332; R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 188; Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699(illus.)

Building: CO. KILDARE, MONASTEREVIN, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1847
Nature: New picturesque Gothic station for Great Southern & Western Railway. In progress under supervision of SW, 1847. Opened 26 Jun 1847.
Refs: Jeanne Sheehy, 'Railway Architecture - its heyday', Journal of the Irish Railway Record Society 12, no. 68 (Oct 1975), 135,137(illus.); R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 161

Building: CO. LAOIS, PORTLAOISE, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1847
Nature: New picturesque Gothic station, for GS & WR. Opened 26 Jun 1847..
Refs: Jeanne Sheehy, 'Railway Architecture - its heyday', Journal of the Irish Railway Record Society 12, no. 68 (Oct 1975), 135; R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 156(illus.)

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, DUNDRUM, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1847-48
Nature: New pictureesque Gothic station, for Great Southern & Western Railway. Design exh. RA, 1850. Opened 3 Jul 1848.
Refs: Drawing, s. & d. 2 Aug 1847, in CIE archives; drawing exh. RA 1850, no. 1146; APSD, W, 64;  Jeanne Sheehy, 'Railway Architecture - its heyday', Journal of the Irish Railway Record Society 12, no. 68 (Oct 1975), illus. on cover; R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 85

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, THURLES, ABBEY ROAD, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1848
Nature: New picturesque Gothic station for Great Southern & Western Railway. Opened 13 Mar 1848.
Refs: Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699; R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 229

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, TEMPLEMORE, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1848
Nature: New picturesque Gothic station for Great Southern & Western Railway. Opened 13 Mar 1848.
Refs: Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699; R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 227

Building: CO. LAOIS, LISDUFF, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1848
Nature: New picturesque Gothic station. For Great Southern & Western Railway. Opened 13 Mar 1848.
Refs: Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699; R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 143

Building: CO. LAOIS, MOUNTRATH, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1848ca
Nature: New picturesque Gothic station. For Great Southern & Western Railway. Opened 1 Sep 1847.
Refs: Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699; R.J.V. Butt, The Directory of Railway Stations (1995), 165

Building: CO. LAOIS, BALLYBROPHY, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1848ca
Nature: New station. Picturesque Gothic. For Great Southern & Western Railway.
Refs: Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, LIMERICK JUNCTION, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1849
Nature: New station for Great Southern & Western Railway Co. Classical.
Refs: Drawing, s. & d. 1849, in CIE archives

Building: CO. CARLOW, BAGENALSTOWN, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1850
Nature: New. Classical. For Irish South Eastern Railway.
Refs: Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699,700(illus.)

Building: CO. KILKENNY, KILKENNY, DUBLIN ROAD, RAILWAY STATION
Date: 1850a
Nature: Modifications to provide accommodation for Irish South Eastern Railway trains.
Refs: Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 700

Building: CO. KILDARE, CURRAGH, RACECOURSE, STAND HOUSE (NEW)
Date: 1852-53
Nature: New stand house, for Great Southern & Western Railway. Symmetrical, 2-storey. FS laid May 1852 by Earl of Eglinton. Inaugurated by Earl of St Germain's Summer 1853. Cost: £3,000. (Partially demolished).
Refs: B 9, 18 Jan 1851, 46; 10, 15 May 1852, 312; 11, 30 Jul 1853, 484; Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, DOCK
Date: 1853
Nature: New dock for GS & WR Co. 'The area of the proposed dock will be five acres exclusive of an entance dock…the cost of construction is estimated at £45,000. We believe Mr Sancton Wood is the architect.' (1851). To be commenced 'immediately' in Apr 1853. 6 acres. Cost £50,000.
Refs: B 9, 19 Apr 1851, 254; B 11, 2 Apr 1853., 215

Building: CO. WICKLOW, KILCRONEY (BRAY)
Date: 1858
Nature: New Tudor Gothic house for Dr. Humphrey Lloyd (provost of Trinity College, Dublin, from 1867); exh. Architectectural Exhibition, London, May 1860; 'a miserable attempt at Gothic'. Advertised for sale, Nov 1869, as having been 'built by the proprietor for his own use in 1858'
Refs: Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal 23, 1 Jun 1860, 163;  Irish Times, 17 Nov 1869.

Building: CO. WICKLOW, KILCRONEY (BRAY)
Date: 1858
Nature: New Tudor Gothic house for Dr. Humphrey Lloyd (provost of Trinity College, Dublin, from 1867); exh. Architectectural Exhibition, London, May 1860; 'a miserable attempt at Gothic'. Advertised for sale, Nov 1869, as having been 'built by the proprietor for his own use in 1858'
Refs: Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal 23, 1 Jun 1860, 163;  Irish Times, 17 Nov 1869.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INCHICORE, LOCOMOTIVE SHED (GREAT SOUTHERN & WESTERN RAILWAY))
Date: ?
Nature: 'Wood seems to have designed the fanciful locomotive shed at Inchicore, with its castellated lookout tower which would do justice to a set for Hamlet.' (Sheehy)
Refs: Jeanne Sheehy, 'Railway Architecture - its heyday', Journal of the Irish Railway Record Society 12, no. 68 (Oct 1975), 135; Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect', II, BackTrack 21, no. 11 (Nov 2007), 699,700(illus.)

Author Title Date Details
Biddle, Gordon Gordon Biddle, 'Sancton Wood - Railway Architect' 2007 BackTrack 2 (2007), 551-556), 696-700.