Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

Architect, of Dublin. The unpublished research of Jacqueline Eick in the Dresden archives and the more recent research of Loreto Calderón and Konrad Dechant, published in 2010,(1) have established that Richard Castle's father was an English-born Jew named Joseph Riccardo, who was appointed Director of Munitions and Mines to Friedrich Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1699 and settled in Dresden in or before 1708.  Richard Castle, born David Riccardo, was one of the four sons of Joseph Riccardo by his second marriage, which took place in Amsterdam in 1691;  his mother Rachel Burgos had been born in Bombay.  His own place and date of birth are not yet known, nor when or why he changed his name. He is said to have became an officer in a regiment of engineers, and to have travelled in Germany, France and Holland circa 1720, studying fortifications and canals. By 1725 he was looking at waterworks and architecture in England, where he was probably in contact with Lord Burlington's circle. In 1728 he was in Ireland, to which he is said to have been brought by Sir Gustavus Hume to design Castle Hume, Co. Fermanagh. After his arrival in Ireland he was employed as a draughtsman on the plans for the new Parliament House by EDWARD LOVETT PEARCE EDWARD LOVETT PEARCE , who regarded him highly.(2) The genesis and extent of his professional relationship with Pearce is unknown, but it is clear that Pearce relied on his expertise both at the Parliament House and for the Newry Canal works, for which Pearce became responsible when he succeeded THOMAS BURGH  THOMAS BURGH as Surveyor General. A few months after Pearce's death in December 1733, Castle was appointed engineer to the canal, a position which he held until 1736.(3)

In 1735 Castle and GABRIEL STOKES  GABRIEL STOKES were consulted by Dublin Corporation's pipe water committee about improving Dublin's water supply. Both men's schemes were published in 1735, but neither was implemented; instead the committee reached the conclusion that an adequate supply might be achieved simply by eliminating wastage through the improvement and repair of the existing system. Castle's advice on the means of preventing wastage was being sought the following year.(4)

Castle built up an extensive private practice in Ireland, as well as designing a variety of public buildings. During the later 1730s and 1740s he was much employed by Trinity College, Dublin. By 1737 he had become a member of the Incorporated Society for Promoting English Protestant Schools in Ireland, and he is known to have designed at least one of the schools.(5) By 1743 he had taken on as clerk and measurer JOHN ENSOR JOHN ENSOR , who was to carry on the practice after Castle's death in 1751. He became a member of the Dublin Society in 1745 and judged an architectural competition there in the same year, awarding the prize to John Ensor's brother GEORGE ENSOR.  GEORGE ENSOR.

According to the short biography in Anthologia Hibernica for October 1793, Castle was a man of integrity, of amiable though somewhat eccentric manners, kept poor by his improvidence and long afflicted by gout resulting from intemperance and late hours. The same source states that he often pulled down those of his works which were not to his liking, 'and whenever he came to inspect them … required the attendance of all the artificers who followed him in a long train'.
On 27 June 1733 Castle married Jane Truffet or Truphet (d.1744), daughter of James and Ann Truffet, of Lisburn, Co. Antrim, at St Michan's church in Dublin.(6) He died suddenly of a fit at Carton, Co. Kildare, on 19 Febrary 1751 while writing a letter to a carpenter employed at Leinster House, and was buried in Maynooth. His effects were sold at auction the following year. In a will drawn up on 11 August 1750 he instructed that his property be divided between his sister-in-law Anne Truffet and his three brothers in Saxony, Samuel de Richardi, Daniel De Richardi and Benjamin De Richardi.(7) 'Coll Castel de Richardi' is named as an executor of Richard Castle in 1752,(10) while Benjamin Castle, described as Richard Castle's son and administrator, was granted administration of the goods of Richard Castle's wife, Jane Castle on 28 May 1753.(8) Eight years later, in 1761, 'Daniel De Richardi otherwise called Daniel Castles De Richardi of Saxony in Germany' and 'Benjamin de Richardi otherwise called Benjamin Castles De Richardi of the City of Dublin Esqr Administrator of the Goods of Richard Castles unadministered' were parties to the sale of a piece of land on St Stephen's Green.(9)

Richard Castle was a subscriber to the third volume of Vitruvius Britannicus and to Richard Barton's Lectures in natural philosophy, : designed, to be a foundation, for reasoning pertinently, upon the petrifications, gems, crystals, and sanative quality of Lough Neagh in Ireland (1751).

The IAA holds a number of designs by Richard Castle in the Guinness Collection: for Leinster House (96/68.1/1/1-23), for Carton (96/68.2/1/2-14) and for Headfort House (96/68.3/1/2-5). It also holds plans and elevations by Castle for an unidentified house of seven bays (86/24.1-3) and a design attributed to him for another seven-bay house with flanker towers (86/24.4). In the Powerscourt Albums there are five designs for  for a six-bay town house (Acc. 89/62.1/1/1-4 and 1/14/3) which have been attributed to Castle by David Griffin on stylistic grounds.

Addresses: Castle Hume, Co. Fermanagh, circa 1729; Suffolk Street, Dublin, 1733; near York Street, Dublin, 1748; Proud's Lane, Dublin, 1750.

See also WORKS and BIBLIOGRAPHY. BIBLIOGRAPHY.



References

All information in this entry not otherwise accounted for is from the biography of Castle in Anthologia Hibernica 2 (Oct 1793), 242-3, and The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan-Mar 1964), 31-38. An entry on Castle by Helen Andrews is in Dictionary of Irish Biography, ed. by James McGuire and James Quinn, 9 vols. (Cambridge University Press, 2009), II, 423-4.  Current (2017) work by David Griffin suggeststhat there are further uncertainties in the details of Castle's biography.


(1) Loreto Calderón & Konrad Dechant, 'New light on No. 85 St Stephen's Green', in The Eighteeneenth-Century Dublin Town House: Form, Function and Finance, edited by Christine Casey (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2010), 185-194. 
(2) For Pearce's recommendation of Castle, see NLI MS D20,209 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(3) See W.A. McCutcheon, The Canals of the North of Ireland (1965), 18-20; Castle's appointment to this post is announced in Dublin Weekly Journal, 4 May 1734 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(4) CARD VIII, 171-2,182,196,204-5.
(5) For his role in designing the schools, see E. McParland, Public Architecture in Ireland: 1680-1760 (2001), 174.
(6) Records of St Michan's church in http://churchrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/reels/michan-japmd11-26.pdf (last visited Jun 2010). 
(7) Extracts from Castle's will in Genealogical Office, Vol. 424, p.187.
(8) TCD MUN/V/57/3 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(9) Genealogical Office 257. Prerogative Administrations Intestate, Vol. 1.
(10) Registry of Deeds, no. 140561 (Book 211, p. 390).


73 work entries listed in chronological order for CASTLE, RICHARD


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Building: CO. FERMANAGH, CASTLE HUME (ENNISKILLEN)
Date: 1728
Nature: For Sir Gustavus Hume; in progress, Mar 1728; burnt down 1729; only stables remain
Refs: E.L. Pearce, 'Explanation of the …Designs for a Parliament. House in Dublin', 7 Mar 1728, NLI MS 20,209; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, COLLEGE GREEN, PARLIAMENT HOUSE
Date: 1728
Nature: RC employed as draughtsman by Edward Lovett Pearce
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. ROSCOMMON, FRENCH PARK
Date: 1729?
Nature: Attributed to RC by Knight of Glin. For John French
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. ROSCOMMON, STROKESTOWN HOUSE
Date: 1729?
Nature: Attributed to RC by Knight of Glin. For John Mahon
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. MEATH, SUMMERHILL
Date: 1731
Nature: New house, probably designed by Sir Edward Lovett Pearce, completed by RC. For Hercules Rowley, M.P. (Demolished 1959)
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan-Mar 1964), 32-38; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 491-2; Mary Cecilia Lyons, Illustrated Incumbered Estates Ireland, 1850-1905 (1993), 20 (illus.)

Building: CO. MAYO, WESTPORT HOUSE
Date: 1731
Nature: New house. For John Browne, M.P. (later Earl of Altamont)
Refs: Richard Pococke (ed. G.T. Stokes), Tour in Ireland in 1752 (1891), 88 (E.McP files); the Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. SLIGO, HAZELWOOD
Date: 1731
Nature: Attr. to RC by APSD, Sadleir,Knight of Glin and others. For Owen Wynne, M.P.
Refs: APSD C, 42;  Thomas U. Sadleir, [article on Richard Castle], JRSAI (1911), 243;  The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WICKLOW, POWERSCOURT
Date: 1731-1740
Nature: New house incorporating existing castle for Richard Wingfield, M.P. (later Viscount Powerscourt).(Accidentally burnt out, 4 Nov 1974.)
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Maurice Craig, The Architecture of Ireland from the earliest times to 1880 (London & Dublin, 1982), 188;  David J. Griffin, 'Richard Castle's Egyptian Hall at Powerscourt, Co. Wicklow', The Georgian Group Journal 1995), 119-124

Building: CO. SLIGO, SLIGO, JOHN STREET, CATHEDRAL (FORMERLY CHURCH) OF ST JOHN (CI)
Date: 1732
Nature: New church, later altered and Gothicized. Tyndall says built with collaboration of Col. Wynne of Hazelwood.
Refs: NA/PRO M2533 p366 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); Richard Pococke (ed. G.T. Stokes), Tour in Ireland in 1752 (1891), 72 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44);  Charles Tyndall, St John Baptist, Sligo, ?;  the Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. CAVAN, BALLYHAISE, VILLAGE
Date: 1733
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Brockhill Newburgh, M.P.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. CAVAN, BALLYHAISE, MARKET HOUSE
Date: 1733
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Brockhill Newburgh, M.P. Collapsed 1736.According to Mulligan, descriptions of the building 'invite comparison with a contemporary design for a polygonal summerhouse by Sir Edward Lovett Pearce, whose assistant Richard Castle has long been associated with Ballyhaise'.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Kevin V. Mulligan, The Buildings of Ireland: South Ulster (2013), 164.

Building: CO. DOWN, NEWRY NAVIGATION
Date: 1733-6
Nature: RC engineer of canal
Refs: PRONI D 2092/1/4 p.137 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); JRSAI 41 (1911), 244; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; W.A. McCutcheon, The Canals of the North of Ireland (1965), 18-20

Building: CO. CAVAN, BALLYHAISE HOUSE
Date: 1733ca
Nature: New 7-bay, 2-storey house, for Brockhill Newburgh, M.P. attr. to RC, though Mulligan favours attribution to Edward Lovett Pearce.. Oval saloon at rear. (Later became an Agricultural School).  Mulligan suggests William Farrell as architect of gate lodge.
Refs: Survey drawings, 1905, in NA, OPW drawings collection; Georgian Society Records V, 82, pl. xvi; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 22 (illus.);  Kevin V. Mulligan, The Buildings of Ireland: South Ulster (2013), 165-169.

Building: CO. MEATH, DOLLARDSTOWN
Date: 1734
Nature: 7-bay, 3-storey house incorporating earlier building on site, for Arthur Meredyth. (Demolished, 1986.)
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 226

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, COLLEGE GREEN, TRINITY COLLEGE, PRINTING HOUSE
Date: 1734
Nature: Builder: John Plummer.
Refs: TCD muniments, MUN/P/2/68; G.N. Wright, Historical Guide to Dublin (2nd ed., 1821), 255; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; E. McParland, 'Trinity College, Dublin - II', Country Life 13 May 1976, 1242-3;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 404.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, RATHBEALE HALL (SWORDS)
Date: 1734ca
Nature: Remodelling of earlier house on site, for Hamilton Gorges.  Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. MEATH, ARDBRACCAN
Date: 1734p
Nature: Proposed new house. Wings only completed
Refs: Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 113.

Building: CO. MEATH, WHITEWOOD LODGE (NOBBER)
Date: 1735
Nature: Hunting lodge for Preston family
Refs: Elevation and plans (not in Castle's hand, according to D. Griffin) in NLI, AD 2754-2758; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 532

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, ST STEPHEN'S GREEN, NO. 080
Date: 1736-37
Nature: New house for Robert Clayton, Bishop of Cork. Now part of Iveagh House
Refs: E.C. Cork and Orrery, ed., The Orrery Papers (1903), I, 177,178; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 497.

Building: CO. DOWN, GILL HALL
Date: 1736ca
Nature: Additions & stable for Robert Hawkins Magill, attr. to RC by Knight of Glin
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, CHURCH ROAD (NEWTOWNBREDA), CHURCH (CI, KNOCKBREDA PARISH)
Date: 1737
Nature: New church, built at sole expense of Dowager Lady Middleton, whose son-in-law Hon. Arthur Hill gave site.
Refs: Nicholas Carlisle, A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1810), ?; S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837), II, 437; Ulster Journal of Archaeology(1908), 20; JRSAI 61 (1911), 244; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Fred Rankin, ed., Clergy of Down and Dromore (Ulster Historical Foundation, 1996), 71(illus.).

Building: CO. GALWAY, BALLINASLOE, CHARTER SCHOOL
Date: 1737
Nature: RC 'the Undertaker for Buildings…who drew the plans for the Charter Schools [and] attended with a Dublin Mason to begin and carry on the Building'
Refs: Dublin Journal, 29 Oct-1 Nov 1737, quoted in E. McParland, Public Architecture in Ireland: 1680-1760 (2001), 174

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, ST STEPHEN'S GREEN, NO. 085
Date: 1738
Nature: New house. For Hugh Montgomery
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Christine Casey, 'The Restoration of Newman House', in GPA Irish Arts Review 10 (1994), 111-116;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 506-7.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, SMITHFIELD, BECTIVE HOUSE
Date: 1738ca
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Sir Thomas Taylor, M.P. (later Earl of Bective)
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38.

Building: CO. KILDARE, CARTON
Date: 1739
Nature: Remodelling and extension of existing house, for Earl of Kildare
Refs: Drawings for house and offices in IAA, Guinness Collection, Acc. 0096/068.2/1/1-12; ground plan attr. to RC in IAA, Murray Collection, no. 138; APSD, C, 42; JRSAI 41 (1911), , 243; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WESTMEATH, BELVEDERE
Date: 1740
Nature: For Robert Rochfort, M.P, lst Baron Belfield (later 1st Earl of Belvedere)..
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 168 (Pl. 66)

Building: CO. KILDARE, CASTLETOWN, OBELISK
Date: 1740
Nature: Attr. To RC by Knight of Glin. For Mrs Conolly
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, COLLEGE GREEN, TRINITY COLLEGE, CHAPEL (1684)
Date: 1740
Nature: Chapel façade and belfry. Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, COLLEGE GREEN, TRINITY COLLEGE, DINING HALL
Date: 1740
Nature: Unexecuted project for dining hall
Refs: TCD muniments, MUN/P/2/78,79; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, FISHAMBLE STREET, MUSIC HALL
Date: 1740
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. Opened 2 Oct 1740
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, MARLBOROUGH STREET, TYRONE HOUSE
Date: 1740
Nature: New free-standing house, of 2-storeys and attic over basement.   For Marcus Beresford, Viscount Tyrone.
Refs: G.N. Wright, Historical Guide to Dublin (2nd ed., 1821), 255; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 152-4.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, KILLINEY HILL, OBELISK
Date: 1740
Nature: Attributed to RC by Knight of Glin. For John Mapas
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WESTMEATH, WATERSTOWN (ATHLONE)
Date: 1740ca
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin and Bence Jones. For Gustavus Handcock, M.P. (Ruined)
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Mark Bence-Jones,  Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 282; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 301-2

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, QUEEN STREET, BLUE COAT HOSPITAL (OLD)
Date: 1740s
Nature: Enlarged under direction of RC.
Refs: E. McParland, Public Architecture in Ireland: 1680-1760 (2001), 168

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, COLLEGE GREEN, TRINITY COLLEGE
Date: 1741
Nature: Tennis court. Attr. to RC by Kinight of Glin.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WICKLOW, RUSSBOROUGH
Date: 1742
Nature: About two miles from the town, on the road to Baltinglass, is Russborough, the elegant seat of the Earl of Miltown: the mansion, erected after a design by Mr.Cassels, architect of the Bank of Ireland, is in the Grecian style, and consists of a centre and two wings, connected by semicircular colonnades of alternated Ionic and Corinthian pillars, and presenting a noble façade of hewn stone 700 feet in extent...'(Lewis).  Attr. to RC by Wright, Neale, and Knight of Glin. For Joseph Leeson, M.P. (later Earl of Miltown)
Refs: G.N. Wright, Guide to Co. Wicklow (1822), 149;  J.P. Neale, Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland (2nd series, III, 1826), no. 61;  Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 213;   The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WICKLOW, DUNLAVIN, MARKET HOUSE
Date: 1742ca
Nature: New market house with courtroom above, for James Worth Tynte, M.P. Attr. by Kt of Glin to RC but Craig comments that it is 'too clumsy to be the work of an academically accomplished designer'.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Maurice Craig, The Architecture of Irealnd from the earliest times to 1880 (1982), 207.

Building: CO. WESTMEATH, ANNVILLE
Date: 1742ca
Nature: Attributed to RC by Knight of Glin. For Robert Rochfort, M.P.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WESTMEATH, GAULSTOWN
Date: 1742ca
Nature: Attributed by Knight of Glin to RC. For Robert Rochfort, M.P.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WESTMEATH, TUDENHAM
Date: 1742ca
Nature: 7-bay, 3-storey over basement house, for George Rochfort, MP.  (In ruins.)
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;   Mark Bence-Jones,  Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 272(illus.);  Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993),397-8 (Pl. 67).

Building: CO. KILDARE, BELAN HOUSE
Date: 1743
Nature: Remodelling of existing house, temple, obelisks with F. Bindon for John Stratford, later 1st Earl of Aldborough. Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin.
Refs: Lord Walter Fitzgerald, 'Belan', Journal of the Kildare Archaeological Society 7 (1912-14), 333-4;  The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38.

Building: CO. KILDARE, MAYNOOTH, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1743ca
Nature: Unexecuted proposal for church for Earl of Kildare
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. MEATH, DANGAN
Date: 1744ca
Nature: Obelisks & layout attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Rd. Wesley, M.P.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. CAVAN, ANNAGHLEE
Date: 1744ca
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Robert Wills
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE STREET, LEINSTER HOUSE
Date: 1745
Nature: Designed by RC for James Fitzgerald, 20th Earl of Kildare. Completed by Isaac Ware
Refs: Drawings in IAA, Guinness drawings collection, Acc, 96/68 1/1/1-1/1/23;  inscription on foundation stone (text given in J.T. Gilbert, A History of the City of Dublin, Vol. III (1859), 275);  The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; David J. Griffin, 'Leinster House and Isaac Ware' in Agnes Bernelle, ed., Decantations: a tribute to Maurice Craig (Dublin, 1992), 60-70;  David J. Griffin & Caroline. Pegum, Leinster House (Dublin: IAA & OPW, 2000), 2, 5-29 (illus.), 42-45 (illus.),64-68(illus.);  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 498-503.


Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, COLLEGE GREEN, TRINITY COLLEGE, DINING HALL
Date: 1745;1747
Nature: Dining hall. Collapsed in 1747 and was redesigned by RC; rebuilt again 1759
Refs: Accounts in TCD MUN/V, 75/11 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); the Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 398.

Building: CO. LONGFORD, LEDWITHSTOWN
Date: 1746
Nature: 3-bay, 2-storey over basement house for - Ledwith.  Attribution to RC by the Knight of Glin and Maurice Craig endorsed by Casey & Rowan. Date of 1746 on drainpipe hopper.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 142 (Pl. 64).

Building: CO. MEATH, ARDBRACCAN, CHARTER SCHOOL
Date: 1746-7
Nature: New school for 40 pupils. Plan by RC. Opened 1747.
Refs: Pue's Occurrences, 21 Apr 1747 (E.McP files); Gentleman’s and Citizen's Almanack (1750), ?; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. ROSCOMMON, MANTUA
Date: 1747ca
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Oliver Grace
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. KILDARE, HORTLAND
Date: 1748
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Archbishop Hort. Demolished
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. LAOIS, MOUNTRATH, MARKET HOUSE
Date: 1748ca
Nature: Attr. by Kt. of Glin to RC
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. MAYO, CASTLEBAR, CHURCH (CI, OLD)
Date: 1748ca
Nature: '…a large building on the outside but no so within. The steeple which seems to have been very ill contrived so unfinished and so is one gallery in the church which is said to have been a design of Cassels.'(Beaufort) Datestone in wall of church grounds records RC as architect. Damaged in rising of 1798 and rebuilt.
Refs: Journal of Rev. D.A. Beaufort, 1787; Richard Pococke (ed. G.T. Stokes), Tour in Ireland in 1752 (1891), 77 (E.McP files); the Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Claude Costegalde & Brian Walker, The Church of Ireland: an illustrated history (2013), 266(illus.).


Building: CO. LAOIS, ROUNDWOOD
Date: 1748ca
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For --- Flood
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. WATERFORD, WATERFORD, CATHEDRAL SQUARE, BISHOP'S PALACE
Date: 1749?
Nature: New building incorporating earlier structure. For Charles Este, Bishop of Waterford (1740-1746). Unfinished at time of RC's death.  Girouard suggests that RC may have adapted William Halfpenny's design of 1739.
Refs: TCD MS 1743 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); the Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Mark Girouard, 'The reign of the building families: City of Waterford, Ireland - II', Country Life 141, 8 Dec 1966, 1563;  A.P.W. Malcomson, The Clements Archive (Dublin: Irish Manuscripts Commission, 2010), 731.
 

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, COLLEGE GREEN, TRINITY COLLEGE, LIBRARY (OLD)
Date: 1750
Nature: Work at same overseen by RC, who perhaps designed library staircase.
Refs: TCD MUN P2/28 and MUN MC/26; other payments for unspecified work, 1749, in MUN V/57(2,3) (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); photograph of drawing for same in IAA, Acc. 86/6.2/1; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 402.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, O'CONNELL STREET UPPER, NO. 013
Date: 1750
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Robert Handcock of Waterston. Demolished
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, O'CONNELL STREET UPPER, NO. 018
Date: 1750
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Henry Bellingham, M.P. Demolished
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, CASHEL, CHARTER SCHOOL
Date: 1750-1751
Nature: New school. Erected 1750 and opened 1751. Attr to RC by Knight of Glin (who gives date as 1744).
Refs: Gentleman’s and Citizen's Almanack (1750), ?;  John Angell, A General history of Ireland (1781), 80;  The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, PARNELL STREET, ROTUNDA HOSPITAL
Date: 1750-1757
Nature: RC's design carried out by John Ensor, with modifications. FS laid Jul 1751. Completed, 1757.
Refs: Registry of Deeds, Vol. 134, pp. 37-9, no. 89277, and Vol. 139, pp.332 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); Faulkner's Dublin Journal, 2-6 Jul 1751;  James Malton, A Picturesque and descriptive view of the city of Dublin (1799), unpaginated;  C.P. Curran, The Rotunda Hospital: its Architects and Craftsmen (Dublin, 1945); The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Ian Campbell Ross, ed., Public Virtue, Public Love; th early years of the Dublin Lying-In Hospital (1986), 23-24,65-66; D.J. Griffin & S. Lincoln, Drawings from the Irish Architectural Archive (Dublin, 1993), 27;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 30,162-164, Pl. 30.

Building: CO. MEATH, DULEEK HOUSE
Date: 1750ca
Nature: Enlargement of existing house by building new house across front of old one, for Thomas Trotter (1685-1745), M.P. Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin and to office of RC by Casey & Rowan.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 254-5

Building: CO. MEATH, BELLINTER
Date: 1750ca
Nature: New house. For John Preston, M.P.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 164-70 (Pls. 65,68)

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, O'CONNELL STREET UPPER, NO. 016
Date: 1750ca
Nature: Attr. to RC by Knight of Glin. For Robert Handcock of Waterston. Demolished
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, O'CONNELL STREET UPPER, NO. 009 & 10 (DROGHEDA HOUSE)
Date: 1751
Nature: Attr. by Kt. of Glin to John Ensor after design by RC.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE STREET, NO. 045 (DONERAILE HOUSE)
Date: 1752
Nature: Set of alternative plans for same for Hon. Hayes St Leger (succ. as 4th Viscount Doneraile, 1750).  (House built to designs by John Ensor, 1746-50.)
Refs: Unsigned and undated street elevation and floor plans in  IAA, Guinness Collection, Acc. 96/68.4/1-3; The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38; David Griffin, 'Richard Castle's designs for Doneraile House, Kildare Street, Dublin' in Martello, Spring 1990, 1-6;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 530; 

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, O'CONNELL STREET UPPER, NO. 042
Date: 1752
Nature: Attr. by Kt. of Glin to John Ensor after design by RC. For Robert Robinson
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE STREET, HOUSE FOR DOWAGER COUNTESS OF KILDARE
Date: 1753
Nature: Attr, by Knight of Glin to John Ensor after design by RC. (Demolished.)
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE STREET, NO. 020
Date: 1753
Nature: Attr. by Knight of Glin to John Ensor after design by RC.  'No 20 is a large and curious house that resembles demolished houses on Kildare Place attributed to Richard Castle' (Casey). 
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 529-30.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE PLACE, HOUSE FOR LORD MASSEREENE
Date: 1756
Nature: John Ensor after design by RC. Demolished
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE PLACE, HOUSE FOR SIR EDWARD SKEFFINGTON SMYTH
Date: 1756
Nature: John Ensor after design by RC. Demolished
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38

Building: CO. MEATH, CHARLESFORT (KELLS)
Date: ?
Nature: New house. ( Later remodelled by Daniel Beaufort and William Murray.)
Refs: MS letters in Tisdall family papers

Building: CO. FERMANAGH, CASTLE COOLE (ENNISKILLEN)
Date: ?
Nature: Proposed house (post-Curle & pre-Wyatt house)
Refs: Drawings in hand of RC in Castle Coole drawings collection; A. Day, P. McWilliams & L. English, eds., Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland Vol. 4, 68

Building: CO. MEATH, HEADFORT
Date: ?
Nature: Proposals for new house, for Sir Thomas Taylor, 2nd Bt. Not executed.
Refs: Plans and elevation in hand of RC in  IAA, Guinness Collection, Acc. 96/68.3/1/2-9; D.J. Griffin, 'A Richard Castle design for Headfort, Co. Meath' in  Conleth Manning, ed., Dublin and beyond the Pale: Studies in honour of Patrick Healy (1998), 269-272(illus.)

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, ST STEPHEN'S GREEN, NO. 119-120
Date: ?
Nature: Pair of semi-detached houses completed to design of RC and sold by his executors to Richard Thwaites.
Refs: The Knight of Glin, 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' in BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan - Mar 1964), 32-38;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005),546.

Author Title Date Details
Anon. 'History of the Fine Arts in Ireland - Richard Castle' 1793 Anthologia Hibernica 2 (Oct 1793), 242-3.
Castle, Richard 'An essay on artifical navigation' 1730 NLI MS. 2737 (Photocopy in IAA); published by J.H. Farrington, ed., 'Richard Castle's "Essay on Artificial Navigation"1730', Transport History 5 (1972), 67-89,155-167.)
Castle, Richard An Essay toward supplying the City of Dublin with water 1735 Dublin: Sylvester Pepyat, 1735. (Photocopy in IAA, RP.D.81.2.)
Curran, Constantine P. The Rotunda Hospital: its Architects and Craftsmen 1945 Dublin: At the Sign of the Three Candles, 1945.
Fitzgerald, Desmond, Knight Of Glin 'Richard Castle, architect, his biography and works' 1964 BIGS 7, no. 1 (Jan-Mar 1964), 31-38.
Griffin, David 'Richard Castle's designs for Doneraile House, Kildare Street, Dublin' 1990 Martello, Spring 1990, 1-6.
Sadleir, Thomas Ulick 'Richard Castle, Architect' 1911 JRSAI 41 (1911), 241-245.