Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

Selected: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS

Name: MACK, ROBERT
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1765
Nature: Unexecuted design exh. Society of Artists in Ireland.
Refs: G. Breeze & M. Wynne, Society of Artists in Ireland: Index of Exhibits 1765-80 (National Gallery of Ireland, 1985,) 18.

Name: COOLEY, THOMAS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1776-1784
Nature: North and west ranges of west courtyard (designed as public offices, rather than court house); design taken over by Gandon on TC's death.
Refs: Signed drawings in IAA (on loan from King's Inns Library), Acc. 2007/10.2/1,3,5,7; sketch proposals in Cooley notebook belonging to Earl of Caledon;  James Malton, A Picturesque and descriptive view of the city of Dublin (1799), unpaginated;  C.P. Curran, 'Cooley, Gandon and the Four Courts', JRSAI 79 (1949), 20-25; E. McParland, 'The early history of James Gandon's Four Courts', Burlington Magazine 122 (Nov 1980), 727-735; E. McParland, James Gandon (1985), 149-154;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 93-94,96.

Name: GANDON, JAMES
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1785-1802
Nature: For Lord Chancellor and Chief Judges. Continuation of building begun by Thomas Cooley.
Refs: Photograph of signed 'Elevation of the New Courts approved by his Grace the Duke of Rutland, 1785' (location of original unknown) in IAA (on loan from King's Inns Archives), Acc. 2007/10.2/9;  James Malton, A Picturesque and descriptive view of the city of Dublin (1799), unpaginated;  E. McParland, James Gandon: Vitruvius Hibernicus (1985), refs. as in index;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 92-98, Pl.46..

Name: BAKER, HENRY AARON
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1802-1804
Nature: Clerk of works for Gandon; supervising work, 1804
Refs: APSD, II, D, 76; NA/PRO Board of Works Minute Book 1,28 Mar 1804

Name: WOODGATE, ROBERT
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1804ca
Nature: Works at same.
Refs: Memorial of his wife, 1806, asking for payment for work done as successor to Gandon on Four Courts in NA SPO 531/230/16 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Name: JOHNSTON, FRANCIS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1809
Nature: Proposed additions. Tenders invited for executing adds. and repairs to Four Courts Marshalsea, Nov 1809.
Refs: NA/SPO 539/293/2 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44);  Freeman's Journal, 1 Dec 1809.

Name: JOHNSTON, FRANCIS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1818
Nature: FJ prepares estimate for finishing Prerogative Court &c.
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1819 K93 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Name: JOHNSTON, FRANCIS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1821ca
Nature: FJ provides estimate for insulating four courts against fire.
Refs: King's Inns Archives, H1/2

Name: FARRELL, WILLIAM
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1825-26
Nature: Proposed bar Library.
Refs: Builders estimates, articles of agreement &c.,1825-26, in King's Inns Archives, H/3-1, plans and elevation, March-May 1825, in IAA (on loan from King's Inns Archives), 2007/10.4/11-13;   NA/SPO CSORP 1825/11,268 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Name: MURRAY, WILLIAM [1]
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1827
Nature: Proposed adds. & alts.
Refs: Drawings in IAA, Murray Collection, 92/46, nos. 560-562 (see Bernadette Goslin, 'A History and descriptive catalogue of the Murray Collection of architectural drawings' (MA thesis, University College, Dublin, 1990), 182-3

Name: OWEN, JACOB
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1832
Nature: Proposed Nisi Prius Court and solicitors' chambers. Scheme rejected. See also Frederick Darley.
Refs: NA/PRO, Board of Works Minutes, 2 Nov 1832 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); Frederick O'Dwyer, 'The architecture of the Board of Public Works 1831-1923', Public Works: the architecture of the Office of Public Works 1831-1987 (AAI, 1987), 12

Name: DARLEY, FREDERICK [2]
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1832
Nature: Proposed Nisi Prius Court and solicitors' chambers. See also Jacob Owen.
Refs: Signed and dated drawings in King's Inns Archives, H4/3-8,9,10; also memorials, proposals &c., 1830-32, in King's Inns Archives, H1/5-2; see also Conor Griffin, 'Post Gandon at the Four Courts' in The Four Courts: 200 Years (1996), 239

Name: OWEN, JACOB
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1835-39
Nature: Benchers' and Solicitors' building. Cost defrayed by Benchers of King's Inns. Designed 1835; started 1837. Walls built to height of principal floor, Mar 1838. Roofed and 'in active progress of completion', Mar 1839.
Refs: Drawings in PRO, OPW records, old ref. B.7.3; 6th Annual Report from the Board of Public Works in Ireland (1838), 11; 7th Annual Report (1839), 3; Frederick O'Dwyer, 'The architecture of the Board of Public Works 1831-1923', Public Works: the architecture of the Office of Public Works 1831-1987 (AAI, 1987), 12; F. O'Dwyer, 'Building empires: architecture, politics and the Board of Works 1760-1860', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 5 (2002), 154,Pl.35

Name: OWEN, JACOB
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1835-39
Nature: New block on N side containing Rolls Court, Nisi Prius Court, and Law Library. Contractor: Henry, Mullins & McMahon.
Refs: Drawings in NA, OPW records (longitudinal section through library, dated 1 Oct 1835, repr. Rena Lohan, Guide to the Archives of the Office of Public Works (1994), 184, Pl. X.); engraved copies of drawings (elevations, plans & section through library) in 4th Report of the Board of Public Works, Ireland (1836), Plates 2-4; see also Conor Griffin, 'Post Gandon at the Four Courts' in The Four Courts: 200 Years (1996), 235-239; F. O'Dwyer, 'Building empires: architecture, politics and the Board of Works 1760-1860', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 5 (2002), 154,Pl.36;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 97-8.

Name: OWEN, JACOB
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1838-39
Nature: Bankruptcy Court adjoining Solicitors' Building (?also by JO). Foundations 'being proceeded with', Mar 1838; roofed aand 'in active progress of completion', Mar 1839.
Refs: 6th Annual Report from the Board of Public Works in Ireland (1838), 11; 7th Annual Report (1839), 3; Frederick O'Dwyer, 'The architecture of the Board of Public Works 1831-1923', Public Works: the architecture of the Office of Public Works 1831-1987 (AAI, 1987), 12

Name: MOORE, CHRISTOPHER *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1850
Nature: Statue of Sir Michael O'Loghlen in Solicitors' Room.
Refs: RA 1850, no. 1314

Name: MACDOWELL, PATRICK *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1851a
Nature: Statue of Sir Michael O'Loghlen, Master of the Rolls.
Refs: W.G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists (1913), II, 62;  Paula Murphy, Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture:  Native Genius Reaffirmed  (Yale University Press:  New Haven & London, 2010), 73.


Name: OWEN, JAMES HIGGINS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1858-1860
Nature: New building containing Landed Estates Court and Probate Court at rear of Four Courts,.opened 30 Apr 1860. Contractor: Meade. Cost: £19,300.
Refs: Drawings for Encumbered Estate Court, 1858, and Probate Court (signed R.J. Stirling), 1861, in NA, OPW records, old ref. B.8.3; B 16, 13 Feb 1858, 111; DB 1, 1 Dec 1859, 164; 2, 1 Apr 1860, 241

Name: OWEN, JAMES HIGGINS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1861-1866
Nature: New Record Repository. Assisted by E.Trevor Owen with R.J. Stirling.
Refs: Drawing (signed E.T. Owen), in NA, OPW records, old ref. B.9.3 (section & elevation repr. Frederick O'Dwyer, 'The architecture of the Board of Public Works 1831-1923', Public Works: the architecture of the Office of Public Works 1831-1987 (AAI, 1987), 22, figs. 38 & 39; details repr. Rena Lohan, Guide to the Archives of the Office of Public Works(OPW 1994), 184); B 24, 16 Jun 1866, 450-51; DB 3, 15 Dec 1861, 712; 4, 1 Mar 1862, 58; 8, 1 Jul 1866, 166

Name: MACDOWELL, PATRICK *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1863
Nature: Statue of William, Lord Plunkett. (Competition for same originally announced, Feb 1856.)
Refs: Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal 21 ((Jan 1858), 33; DB 5, 15 Aug 1863, 141; W.G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists (1913), II, 62;  Paula Murphy, Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture:  Native Genius Reaffirmed  (Yale University Press:  New Haven & London, 2010), 73(illus.).


Name: OWEN, ENOCH TREVOR
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1864
Nature: Bankruptcy Building (N. range).
Refs: Drawings in NA, OPW records, old refs. B.8.6, B.7.11 and B.9.3

Name: OWEN, ENOCH TREVOR
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1866
Nature: Assists J.H. Owen in designing Record Repository. (According to Casey it was designed by E.T.O. and Robert J. Stirling, an built 1864-7.)
Refs: B 24, 16 Jun 1866, 450-51; DB 8, 1 Jul 1866, 166; design repr. Rena Lohan, Guide to the Archives of the Office of Public Works(OPW 1994), 184;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 98-99.

Name: MCCURDY & MITCHELL
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1873-74
Nature: Benchers' building. Contractor: J. Kelly. Estimated cost: £1,975.
Refs: IAA, PKS B06/40, A06 (May 1874)

Name: OWEN, JAMES HIGGINS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1879
Nature: Alts., additions and repairs. Contractor: B. Leech.
Refs: IB 21, 1 Dec 1879, 373

Name: WOOLNER, THOMAS *#
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1880
Nature: Statue of Lord Chief Justice James Whiteside (1804-1876).
Refs: Paula Murphy, Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture:  Native Genius Reaffirmed  (Yale University Press:  New Haven & London, 2010), 73, Fig.92.

Name: FARRELL & SONS *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1884
Nature: Statue of Richard Lalor Sheil, by Thomas Farrell. (Destroyed, 1922.)
Refs: W.G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists (1913), I, 339;  Paula Murphy, Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture: Native Genius Reaffirmed  (Yale University Press: New Haven & London, 2010), 160, Fig.90.

Name: FARRELL & SONS *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1884
Nature: Statue of Richard Lalor Sheil, erected 1884.
Refs: Paula Murphy, Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture:  Native Genius Reaffirmed  (Yale University Press:  New Haven & London, 2010), 73, Fig.90.


Name: FARRELL & SONS *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1885-87
Nature: Statue of Lord O'Hagan, by Thomas Farrell. (Destroyed, 1922.)
Refs: W.G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists (1913), I, 339;  Paula Murphy, Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture:  Native Genius Reaffirmed  (Yale University Press:  New Haven & London, 2010), 73,161, Fig.91.


Name: MURRAY, ALBERT EDWARD
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1887
Nature: AEM wins limited competition for new lecture theatre for Incorporated Law Society of Ireland. Completed by 1 Jan 1888. Contractor: J.P. Pile, Gt Brunswick St.
Refs: IB 29, 15 Sep 1887, 266; 30, 1 Jan 1888, 4,5(illus.); 43, 26 Sep 1901, 880; RHA 1887, no. 481

Name: DREW, THOMAS (SIR)
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1894-96
Nature: New law library. Builder: Collen, £13,716.
Refs: Drawings dated 1894 showing proposal to rebuild courts and extend new library to occupy sites of old courts in OPW, B.7.2; IAA, PKS B16/18, B17/16, A07, p.98 (Aug 1894)

Name: SHEPPARD, OLIVER *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1920
Nature: Barristers' War Memorial in vestibule to bar wing and Solicitors' War Memorial in vestibule to Solicitors' Hall (later moved to Blue Coat School).
Refs: Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 98,254.

Name: COOKE, WILLIAM HENRY HOWARD
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1925
Nature: Assisted T.J. Byrne with restoration of dome
Refs: IB 67, 25 Jul 1925, 617

Name: LEASK, HAROLD GRAHAM
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1925-1932
Nature: HGL involved in restoration.
Refs: Oibre 7 (May 1969), 11

Name: BYRNE, THOMAS JOSEPH
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: 1925-1932
Nature: Restoration, including restoration of dome, and reconstruction of northern block
Refs: IAA, PKS 0119, Account Book 9, 380,390-392;  IB 67, 18 Apr,25 Jul 1925, 285,617;F. O'Dwyer, 'The architecture of the Board of Public Works 1831-1923' in C.O'Connor and J.O'Regan, eds., Public Works: the architecture of the Office of Public Works 1831-1987 (1987), 32;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005),97;  John Byrne and Michael Fewer, Thomas Joseph Byrne, Nation Builder (South Dublin Libraries, 2013), 81-97(illus.).

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Name: MALLET, ROBERT [2]
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: ?
Nature: Ventilation and hot water heating system.
Refs: Min.Proc.Inst.CE 68 (1881-82), 299

Name: IVORY, THOMAS
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: ?
Nature: Ivory said to have made designs for same.
Refs: Anthologia Hibernica, May 1993, 335

Name: SMYTH, EDWARD *
Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, INNS QUAY, FOUR COURTS
Date: ?
Nature: External statuary: Moses, Justice, Mercy on central pediment; seated figures of Wisdom & Authority on corners. Internal reliefs in hall: bas-relief panels over doors to courts; medallions over windows; figures between windows of dome.
Refs: Engraved section of central block, showing Smyth's decorative scheme for interior, in IAA (on loan from King's Inns Archives), Acc.2007/10.2/10A; Dublin Evening Post, 20 Sep 1892; J. Warburton, J. Whitelaw and R. Walsh, History of the City of Dublin (1818), I, 526; W.G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists (1913), II, 387; Viola B.M Barrow, 'Edward Smyth', a talk read to the Old Dublin Society in 1979 and published Dublin Historical Record 52, no. 1 (Spring 1999), 71; E. McParland, James Gandon: Vitruvius Hibernicus (1985), 163-164(illus.); Anne Walsh, 'Uncatalogued drawings in the King's Inns Library', Irish Arts Review Yearbook 1989-90, 39-40(illus.);  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 96,97.