Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

Architect, of Dublin. Francis Sandys, who studied drawing with ROBERT WEST ROBERT WEST , is first heard of in 1747 as one of the prizewinners in the Dublin Society's drawing examination for boys under the age of sixteen.(1) He may be the Francis Sandys who showed printed linen to the Dublin Society in March 1759;(2) otherwise nothing is heard of him until 1769, when he entered the Dublin Royal Exchange competition.(3) He exhibited designs for various buildings at the Society of Artists every year between 1769 and 1772. In about 1772 or 1773 he leased a house  in Dawson Street(4) from Sir James Caldwell, Bt., for 140 years at an annual rent of £66 and refurbished it.(5) Works by him during the latter part of this period, including a number of public fountains in Dublin, are recorded by Bolger, Brewer and Ferrar. He died in 1795; according to Ferrar his death took place at Bellevue, Co. Wicklow, where he had designed a Gothic banqueting room and a Turkish tent for Peter La Touche.(6) His will dated 23 February 1794 was proved on 5 September 1795.(7) He may be the Francis Sandys who married Elizabeth Sheilds in Wicklow on 23 October 1752.(8) He was the father of FRANCIS SANDYS [2] FRANCIS SANDYS [2] , with whom he is sometimes confused, JOSEPH SANDYS JOSEPH SANDYS , and probably ROBERT SANDYS ROBERT SANDYS . He was a subscriber to Philip Levi Hodgsons's, Complete Measurer (1788).(9)

Addresses:(10) Anne Street, 1769-1772; Dawson Street, 1774; 31 Dawson Street, 1775-83; 35 Dawson Street, 1786-1793; 19 South Anne Street, 1794-1795.

See WORKS.



References



(1) John Turpin, A School of Art in Dublin since the 18th Century (1995), 13-14; according to Gitta Willemson, The Dublin Society Drawing Schools 1746-1876 (2000), he also won a prize in 1748.
(2) Royal Dublin Society Minutes, 22 Mar 1759 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(3) B 27, 2 Oct 1869, 781.  His plan and elevation were sold at Mealy's Auctioneers, 8 Dec 2009, lot 442.
(4) The different Dawson Street addresses in the directories probably all refer to the same house.
(5) Toby Barnard, 'The artistic and cultural activities of the Caldwells of Castle Caldwell, 1750-1783', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 10 (2007), 94. A letter from Sandys to Caldwell, dated 6 November 1774, about his alleged failure to pay the rent, mentions his expenditure of 'not less than £200' on repairs and furniture.(John Rylands University Library, Manchester, Bagshawe Muniments, BAG 3/16/314). (
(6) J. Ferrar, A View of Ancient and Modern Dublin…To which is added a Tour to Bellevue[1796], 109-11. Ferrar gives the date of Sandys's death as 15 July 1785(sic).
(7) PRO (Betham) (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44, but not in National Archives Index of Irish Wills 1484-1858).
(8) www.familysearch.org.
(8) IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44.
(9) From Wilson's Dublin Directory for the years 1774 to 1795.


28 work entries listed in chronological order for SANDYS, FRANCIS [1]


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Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, CORK HILL, ROYAL EXCHANGE
Date: 1768
Nature: Competition entrant.
Refs: Signed, undated front and side elevations (on one sheet) for sale in Mealy's book sale, Dublin, 8 Dec 2009, lot 442;  B 27, 2 Oct 1869, 781.


Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, SIR JOHN ROGERSON'S QUAY, HIBERNIAN MARINE SCHOOL?
Date: 1769
Nature: FS exhibits 'elevation proposed as a front for the marine nursery' at Society of Artists in Ireland, 1769.(For ref. to grant of £50 by the Corporation to the Marine Nursery, 1769, see CARD XII, 14.)
Refs: ALEI, II, 639

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, PHILHARMONIC CATCH CLUB
Date: 1770
Nature: FS exhibits 'elevation of a bulding, proposed for the use of the Philharmonic catch club' at Society of Artists in Ireland, 1770.
Refs: ALEI, II, 639

Building: CO. CORK, MITCHELSTOWN, KINGSTON COLLEGE
Date: 1771
Nature: FS exhibits 'elevation of a building proposed for an almshouse intended to be built at Mitchelstown...for reduced gentlemen and gentlewomen' at Society of Artists in Ireland, 1771 (no. 81).
Refs: ALEI, II, 639

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, RANELAGH GARDENS
Date: 1771
Nature: FS exhibits 'Elevation of a pavillion, to be immediately erected in Ranelagh Gardens' at Society of Artists in Ireland, 1771.
Refs: ALEI, II, 639

Building: CO. CARLOW, ?, HOUSE
Date: 1772
Nature: FS exhibits 'Elevation of one front of a house, now laying out in the county of Carlow' at Society of Artists in Ireland, 1772 (no. 74).
Refs: ALEI, II, 639

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, DAWSON STREET, HOUSE OF SIR JAMES CALDWELL
Date: 1772-73ca
Nature: Refurbishment of house leased from Sir James Caldwell.
Refs: John Rylands University Library, Manchester, Bagshawe Muniments, BAG 3/16/314;  Toby Barnard, 'The artistic and cultural activities of the Caldwells of Castle Caldwell, 1750-1783', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 10 (2007), 9.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, PORTMARNOCK, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1786a
Nature: 'rebuilt in a neat and complete style, under the direction of Mr Sandys' Consecrated 26 May 1790.
Refs: Faulkner's Dublin Journal, 15-18 Jul 1786 (E.McP files say 13-15 Jul); Clergy of Dublin and Glendalough (Ulster Historical Foundation, 2001), 150

Building: CO. WICKLOW, BELLEVUE (DELGANY)
Date: 1788
Nature: Addition of Gothic dining room to octagon.
Refs: John Ferrar, A view of ancient and modern Dublin, with its improvements to the year 1796. To which is added A tour to Bellevue, in the county of Wicklow, the seat of Peter la Touche, Esq.  (Dublin, 1796), 98.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, DAWSON STREET, HOUSE
Date: 1789
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures 'brickwork done for Mr Francis Sandys at Mr John Price King's house in Dawson St' 22 Dec 1789.
Refs: Boger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 126

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, DAWSON STREET, PAVING BOARD HOUSE
Date: 1789
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures plasterer's work 'done for Mr Francis Sandys', Nov 1789, Apr 1790.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 126,127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, JAMES'S STREET, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1789
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stone and brickwork for FS, Nov 1789..
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127;  Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 663.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KING STREET, SEWER
Date: 1789
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stonework for new main sewer for FS, 1789.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, MARY STREET, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1789
Nature: 'A beautiful architectural fountain, destined to play incessantly, is immediately to be constructed between theh two doors of the Church in Mary-street, Mar 1789. Bryan Bolger measures stone, brickwork and plaster for fountain 'in front of Mary's Church' Aug, Nov 1789.
Refs: Faulkner's Dublin Journal, 10-12 Mar 1789; Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, ORMOND QUAY LOWER, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1789
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stone and brickwork for FS, Dec 1789..
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, ST STEPHEN'S GREEN, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1789-90
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stonework for same including straight & circular granite, niche heads, Portland stone band, paterae, keystones, carved drapery on inside block, straight and circular fluted bands.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, GOLDEN LANE, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1790
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stone and brickwork for FS, 29 Apr 1790.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, MERRION STREET, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1790
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures work on same, for FS, 1790.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, MOSS STREET, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1790
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures work on same, for FS, 1790.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, ORMOND QUAY, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1790
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stone and brickwork for FS, 29 Apr 1790.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, STEPHEN STREET, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1790
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures work on same, for FS, 1790.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, TOWNSEND STREET, FOUNTAIN
Date: 1790
Nature: New fountain'now erecting by order of the Paving Board…directly opposite to the Hospital fo rthe Incurables', Sep 1789. Bryan Bolger measures work on same, for FS, 1790.
Refs: Faulkner's Dublin Journal, 8-10 Sep 1789; Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUN LAOGHAIRE, MOUNT TOWN
Date: 1790
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stone and brickwork for FS 'at Alderman Sankey's Seat at Mount Town' Aug 1790 (i.e. Henry Gore Sankey; see P. Pearson, |Between the Mountains and the Sea| (1998), 200)
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. WICKLOW, LUGGALA
Date: 1790s
Nature: Malins & Glin suggest that FS may have worked there on both house and garden for Peter La Touche (on basis of his having worked at Bellevue?). Designed folly and rustic bridges.(Desmond)
Refs: Edward Malins & the Knight of Glin, Lost Demesnes: Irish Lanscape Gardening, 1660-1845 (1976), 169; Ray Desmond, Dictionary of British & Irish Botanists and Horticulturalists (1994), 608, citing Moorea 7 (1988), 14

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, MERRION SQUARE, RUTLAND FOUNTAIN
Date: 1792
Nature: Bryan Bolger measures stone-cutter's work by Arthur Darley, 9 Apr 1792.
Refs: Bolger MSS NA/PRO 1A 58 127

Building: CO. WICKLOW, BELLEVUE (DELGANY)
Date: 1793
Nature: 'Turkish tent' in grounds for Peter La Touche.
Refs: John Ferrar, A view of ancient and modern Dublin, with its improvements to the year 1796. To which is added A tour to Bellevue, in the county of Wicklow, the seat of Peter la Touche, Esq.  (Dublin, 1796),  109-11

Building: CO. WESTMEATH, TULLYNALLY
Date: ?
Nature: FS said to have worked on gardens (possible confusion with Robert Sandys by whom there is a late 18th c. view of house ?).
Refs: Information from Thomas Pakenham (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. KILDARE, SALLYMOUNT
Date: ?
Nature: 'built after a plan of Mr Sandys, architect, by the Rev. Marmaduke Cramer'.
Refs: J.N. Brewer, Beauties of Ireland (1826), II, 53; see Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 254