Selected: OPPENHEIMER, LUDWIG, LTD *#


Born: -
Died: -


Mosaic artists, of Old Trafford, Manchester, who executed mosaic decoration in many buildings in Ireland over a period ranging from the 1890s until the 1960s.

The founder of the firm, Ludwig Oppenheimer, was born into an Orthodox Jewish merchant banking family in Brunswick, Germany, in 1830. Sent to Manchester to improve his English, he fell in love with Susan McCulloch, the niece of the Scottish couple with whom he took lodgings and converted to Christianity. As a result he was cut off by his parents and became an apprentice mosaicist in Venice, returning to Manchester to marry Susan and to establish a mosaics business in the city in 1865. By 1881, according to the census for that year, he was employing thirteen men and fifteen women.  Of his six sons, four - Lehmann, Louis, Albert and William - worked for the firm, while Charles, who became a painter, also contributed designs for mosaics.   Lehmann enlisted during the First World War and died as the result of gassing on 8 November 1916.(1) The family firm was sold to the third son, Albert.  Lehmann's son Eric Newton (who changed his surname to that of his mother's family) had been designing for the firm before he enlisted in the army on the outbreak of the war and rejoined it in 1918.   While still preparing designs for the firm, he embarked on a career as an art historian and critic, eventually leaving the family business in 1933 and moving to London. The firm carried on in Manchester until 1965, when, a full century after its foundation, it eventually closed.

See WORKS, for Irish work only.

References
All information in this entry not otherwise accounted for is from Robert Field, 'L. Oppenheimer and the Mosaics of Eric Newton', a paper delivered at the 2006 conference of the Tiles and Architectural Ceramics Society, 'Church Ceramics: decorative tiles, mosaic and terracotta during and after the Gothic Revival', http://www.tilesoc.org.uk/events/conference2006/papers/pdf/field.pdf (last visited Dec 2021). Two articles by Robert Field on the Oppenheimers' work, 'An unconventional French experience' and 'A legacy of inspiration and beauty', have been published in Andamento (Journal of the British Association for Modern Mosaic), Vol. 2 (2008), 34-39, and Vol. 7 (2013), 22-33, respectively.


(1)   He is buried in the Eastern Graveyard at Boulogne, see Commonwealth War Graves Commission, http://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead.aspx?cpage=1 (last visited Dec 2012).

44 work entries listed in chronological order for OPPENHEIMER, LUDWIG, LTD *#


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Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE STREET, NATIONAL MUSEUM
Date: 1890
Nature: Mosaic floor.
Refs: Michael Holland, UCC Heritage Centre, citing www.hoi.ie/dubguide/nmiah.shtml;  Robert Field, 'A legacy of inspiration and beauty', Andamento (Journal of the British Association for Modern Mosaic),  Vol. 7 (2013), 25.

Building: CO. CORK, COBH, CATHEDRAL OF ST COLMAN (RC)
Date: 1892-94;1898;1909a
Nature: Sanctuary floor mosaics; floor of Lady Chapel (and Sacred Heart chapel?), high altar panels, communion railing passage, Good Counsel shrine (other mosaic work by T.C. Edwards, Ruabon). Mosaic flooring of McCarthy chapel, 1909a.
Refs:     www.foscc.com;  Ann Wilson, 'The building of St Colman's Cathedral, Cobh', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 7 (2004), 252(illus.);  Ann Wison, 'The Gothic Revival in Ireland:  St Colman's Cathedral, Cobh (1868-1916)', Antiphon: A Journal for Liturgical Renewal 11.2 (2007), 33-34(illus.);40(illus.).
Delete WorkEdit Work
Refs: www.foscc.com;  Ann Wilson, 'The building of St Colman's Cathedral, Cobh', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 7 (2004), 252(illus.);  Ann Wilson, 'The Gothic Revival in Ireland:  St Colman's Cathedral, Cobh (1868-1916)', Antiphon: A Journal for Liturgical Renewal 11.2 (2007), 33-34(illus.);40(illus.).


Building: CO. LONGFORD, LONGFORD, ST MEL'S ROAD, CATHEDRAL OF ST MEL (RC)
Date: 1893a
Nature: Mosaic work.
Refs: IB 35, 15 Apr 1893, 95.

Building: CO. ARMAGH, ARMAGH, CATHEDRAL ROAD, CATHEDRAL OF ST PATRICK (RC)
Date: 1900p
Nature: Mosaic decoration of nave, spandrils of crossing, transepts, tower porches and passage floors.
Refs: Drawings in IAA, Ashlin & Coleman drawings collection, Acc. 76/1.8; Guide to St Patrick's Cathedral (1904), 64;  Oppenheimer brochures,1905ca and 1915ca (information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013 ).


Building: CO. LOUTH, DUNDALK, RODEN PLACE, CHURCH OF ST PATRICK (RC PRO-CATHEDRAL)
Date: 1909
Nature: Mosaic work on walls of chancel and side chapels
Refs: Rev. J.F. Stokes, St Patrick's Dundalk Centenary Record, ? (B. of I); Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 265

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, NENAGH, ST FLANNAN STREET, CHURCH OF ST MARY OF THE ROSARY (RC)
Date: 1910ca
Nature: Mosaic decoration in chancel..
Refs: Design in IAA, Ashlin & Coleman Collection, 76/1.133/2; Irish Catholic Directory (1927), illus. facing p. 49

Building: CO. KERRY, KILLARNEY, CATHEDRAL PLACE, CATHEDRAL OF ST MARY (RC)
Date: 1911
Nature: Mosaics in baptistry.
Refs: Robert Field, 'A legacy of inspiration and beauty', Andamento (Journal of the British Association for Modern Mosaic),  Vol. 7 (2013), 25

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, ORMEAU ROAD (BALLYNAFEIGH), GOOD SHEPHERD CONVENT
Date: 1913
Nature: Mosaics for convent chapel.
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brochure of 1915ca.


Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, BEECHWOOD AVENUE UPPER (RANELAGH), CHURCH OF THE HOLY NAME (RC)
Date: 1914
Nature: Marble mosaic flooring in sanctuary and side chapels.
Refs: Freeman's Journal, 20 Jun 1914.

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, COLLEGE ROAD, UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, HONAN CHAPEL
Date: 1914-1916
Nature: Mosaic work on floor and opus sectile Stations of the Cross in nave arcading. For John Robert O'Connell, trustee of Honan family bequest.
Refs: Paul Larmour, 'The Honan Chapel, Cork', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 5 (2002), 29-30(illus.),36-38(illus.);  Robert Field, 'A legacy of inspiration and beauty', Andamento (Journal of the British Association for Modern Mosaic),  Vol. 7 (2013), 25-26;  information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brochure, 1915ca.  

Building: CO. ARMAGH, CROSSMAGLEN, CHURCH OF ST MICHAEL (RC)
Date: 1915a
Nature: Mosaic on sanctuary walls.

Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brocure, 1915ca.


Building: CO. LOUTH, KILCURRY, CHURCH OF ST BRIGID (RC, FAUGHART PARISH)
Date: 1915a
Nature: Mosaic work.
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brocure, 1915ca


Building: CO. ARMAGH, MIDDLETOWN, ST LOUIS CONVENT
Date: 1915a
Nature: Mosaic work. (Removed?  Not mentioned in Kevin V. Mulligan, The Buildings of Ireland: South Ulster (2013), 450).
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013 (citing Oppenheimer brochure, 1915ca ).


Building: CO. CARLOW, CARLOW, CATHEDRAL OF THE ASSUMPTION (RC)
Date: 1915a
Nature: Mosaics. (Probably extensive, but lost in reordering.)
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brochure, 1915ca.

Building: CO. CLARE, ENNIS, STATION ROAD, PRO-CATHEDRAL OF SS. PETER & PAUL (RC)
Date: 1915a
Nature: Mosaics.
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brochure, 1915ca.

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, CATHEDRAL ROAD, CATHEDRAL OF ST MARY (RC)
Date: 1915a
Nature: Mosaic work. (Gone by 2007, probably lost in reordering of 1964.)
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brochure, 1915ca.

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, YORK STREET (& COMMONS ROAD), CHURCH OF ST NICHOLAS (RC)
Date: 1915a
Nature: Mosaics. (Church was burnt down and replaced on same site in 1945 by Church of the Annuciation.)
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brochure, 1915ca.

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, GLANMIRE ROAD LOWER, CHURCH OF ST PATRICK (RC)
Date: 1915a
Nature: Sanctuary mosaics. (Now lost.)
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Oppenheimer brochures, 1915ca & 192? (Mosaics for church decoration), and advertisement in Irish Catholic Directory (1925).

Building: CO. CORK, CHARLEVILLE, CHURCH OF THE HOLY CROSS (RC)
Date: 1918-1921
Nature: Mosaics on walls of sanctuary and two side chapels. Designed by Eric Newton.
Refs: Robert Field, 'A legacy of inspiration and beauty', Andamento (Journal of the British Association for Modern Mosaic),  Vol. 7 (2013), 26-27(illus.).

Building: CO. ANTRIM, ARMOY, CHURCH OF ST OLCAN (RC)
Date: 1921-23
Nature: Sanctuary mosaics attributed to Eric Newton for Oppenheimer by Field on stylistic grounds.
Refs: Robert Field, 'A legacy of inspiration and beauty', Andamento (Journal of the British Association for Modern Mosaic),  Vol. 7 (2013), 27-28 (illus.).

Building: CO. WEXFORD, TAGHMON, CHURCH OF OUR LADY & ST FINTAN (RC)
Date: 1923-24
Nature: Mosaic work in sanctuary, for Rev. William Fortune, PP.
Refs: Rita Curtis, 'St Fintan's Church' in Taghmon Historical Society I (1996), 14 (http://homepage.eircom.net/~taghmon/histsoc/vol1/14rita/14rita.htm)

Building: CO. OFFALY, CLARA, CONVENT OF MERCY
Date: 1925
Nature: Mosaics in sanctuary.
Refs: Design formerly in office archives of W.H. Byrne & Son

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, ALFRED STREET, CHURCH OF ST MALACHY (RC)
Date: 1926
Nature: Mosaics on sanctuary floor and walls of 2 chapels.
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Paul Larmour, Belfast: an illustrated architectural guide (1987), 10.


Building: CO. ARMAGH, GLASDRUMMOND (OR GLASSDRUMMOND), CHURCH OF ST BRIGID (RC)
Date: 1926p
Nature: Mosaic (The Lord is my Shepherd) in pediment on W front.
Refs: Kevin V. Mulligan, The Buildings of Ireland: South Ulster (2013), 307.

Building: CO. ROSCOMMON, BOYLE, ST VINCENT'S CONVENT
Date: 1928
Nature:

Mosaic floor for sanctuary, in terracotta, black and ochre (not executed?)

Refs: Designs, dated 1928, in IAA, W.H. Byrne & Son drawings collection, Acc.2006/142

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, CLARE STREET, CONVENT OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD
Date: 1929-30
Nature: Proposed mosaic decoration of columns in chapel, 1929, and semi-domes in side chapels, 1930.
Refs: Designs formerly in office archives of W.H. Byrne & Son

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, FALLS ROAD, ST MARY'S DOMINICAN CONVENT
Date: 1930ca
Nature: Celtic style mosaic floor in sanctuary.
Refs: Paul Larmour, Belfast: an illustrated architectural guide (1987), 82 (no.188)

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, CATHAL BRUGHA STREET, ST THOMAS'S CHURCH (CI, NEW)
Date: 1931p
Nature: Mosaic in apse.
Refs: Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 125.

Building: CO. WEXFORD, NEW ROSS, CONVENT OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD
Date: 1934
Nature: Proposed mosaic decoration of chapel sanctuary.
Refs: Design formerly in office archives of W.H. Byrne & Son

Building: CO. MAYO, ACHILL SOUND, CONVENT OF MERCY
Date: 1935
Nature: Chapel floor.
Refs: Signed drawing, dated 21 Mar 1935, in IAA, W.H. Byrne & Son drawings collection, Acc.2006/142

Building: CO. ARMAGH, CLOGHOGUE/MOUNTAIN LODGE (NEWRY), CHURCH OF THE SACRED HEART (RC)
Date: 1937a
Nature: Mosaics on sanctuary walls (and floor?)
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013, citing Catholic Directory (1937).

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, DERBY STREET, ST PETER'S PRO-CATHEDRAL (RC)
Date: 1940s;1950s
Nature: Sanctuary mosaics (excluding floor).
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013


Building: CO. CAVAN, CAVAN, FARNHAM STREET, CATHEDRAL OF SS PATRICK & FELIM (RC, DIOCESE OF KILMORE)
Date: 1942a
Nature: Terrazzo floors.
Refs: Kevin V. Mulligan, The Buildings of Ireland: South Ulster (2013), 249.

Building: CO. CAVAN, KILLESHANDRA, CONVENT OF THE HOLY ROSARY
Date: 1947
Nature: Interior mosaics.
Refs: Kevin V. Mulligan, The Buildings of Ireland: South Ulster (2013), 380.

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BALLYMENA, BROUGHSHANE ROAD, CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS (RC)
Date: 1949
Nature: Interior walls of sanctuary and side chapels.  Possibly also sanctuary floor, 1910-1923.
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013 (citing parish secretary).

Building: CO. DUBLIN, CLONSKEAGH, BIRD AVENUE, CHURCH OF THE MIRACULOUS MEDAL (RC)
Date: 1958
Nature: Mosaic work, completed 1958.
Refs: Clonliffe College Archive, MS p 270/3

Building: CO. LOUTH, DROMISKIN, CHURCH OF SS PETER & PAUL (RC)
Date: 1961
Nature: Proposed extension of mosaic decoration of sanctuary.
Refs: Drawing(s) in W.H. Byrne & Son collection, Piles 9,11,24; other unsigned, undated mosiac schemes (perhaps also by Oppenheimer) in IAA, Ashlin & Coleman drawings collection, Acc. 76/1.47; Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 249

Building: CO. WESTMEATH, MULLINGAR, CATHEDRAL OF CHRIST THE KING (RC)
Date: ?
Nature: Sanctuary mosaics.
Refs: Cathedral of Christ the King, Mullingar: a guide (B. of I.); Christine Casey & Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North Leinster (1993), 418

Building: CO. DOWN, NEWRY, QUEEN STREET, CHURCH OF ST CATHERINE OF SIENNA (RC, DOMINICAN)
Date: ?
Nature: Mosaic decoration in chancel & chapels.
Refs: Drawings in IAA, Ashlin & Coleman drawings collection, Acc. 76/1.137/1-7

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, CLONARD GARDENS, CHURCH OF THE HOLY REDEEMER (RC, REDEMPTORIST)
Date: ?
Nature: Mosaics in sanctuary, 1931-32, in four chapels, 1936-7, and on aisle walls, 1950s. (mosics in nave arch spandrels by Gabriel Loire, 1960).
Refs: Robert Field, 'A legacy of inspiration and beauty', Andamento (Journal of the British Association for Modern Mosaic),  Vol. 7 (2013), 25(illus.).

Building: CO. KERRY, LISTOWEL, CHURCH OF ST MARY (RC)
Date: ?
Nature: Mosaic work.
Refs: Michael Holland, UCC Heritage Centre, citing www.kerry-insight.com

Building: CO. GALWAY, KINVARA, CONVENT OF MERCY
Date: ?
Nature: Mosaic in sanctuary of chapel (i.e. St Joseph's church).
Refs: Tom May, Churches of Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora (Galway, 2000),110,111(illus.). 

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, THOMAS STREET, CHURCH OF SS AUGUSTINE & JOHN (RC)
Date: ?
Nature: Mosaics in Sacred Heart chapel.
Refs: Christine Casey, The Buildings of Ireland: Dublin (2005), 628.

Building: CO. CORK, CLONAKILTY, CHURCH OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION (RC)
Date: ?
Nature: Mosaics in Sanctuary, Lady Chapel and Sacred Heart chapel 'almost certainly the work of the Oppenheimer firm' (Field).
Refs: Information from Robert Field, Swanage, Dorset, Apr 2013.