Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

Australian-born architect, of London, for whom see A. Stuart Gray, Edwardian Architecture (1985), 273-4, and Directory of British Architects 1834-1914 (RIBA 2001), II, 262-3.  Charles Archibald Nicholson's earliest work in Ireland was a small church on the estate of Henry Livingstone at Belclare, Co. Mayo, in 1905.  According to the Rev. John Hannay, rector of Westport at the time, Nicholson was anxious 'to build something which looked as if it belonged to the place' and came to Westport to study the scenery and the local vernacular architecture before making the design.(1)  He exhibited two perspective views and a plan of the church at the Royal Academy in 1906 (No. 1503).(2) 

Many years later, in 1924, Nicholson was appointed architect to St Anne's Church of Ireland Cathedral, Belfast, initially to complete the west front as a memorial to the fallen of the First World War;(3) this was dedicated in June 1927.(4) He also furnished and decorated the baptistry (1927-28), and designed the Chapel of the Holy Spirit off the west end of the north aisle (1930-32)(5) and - assisted by his partner THOMAS JOHNSON RUSHTON -  THOMAS JOHNSON RUSHTON - the eastern apse and ambulatory (circa 1947).(6) He died in 1949.   Rushton succeeded him as architect to the cathedral.

See WORKS, for Irish work only.



References

All information in this entry not otherwise accounted for is from Larmour, 71 (no. 159, illus.).

(1) George A. Birmingham (nom de plume of John Hannay), Pleasant Places (1934), 109. 
(2) Repr. in Alex Koch (ed.), Academy Architecture (1906), 6,7.
(3) IB 66, 3 May 1924, 378; 67, 21 Feb 1925, 147.
(4) Architect & Building News 118, 27 May 1927, 912.
(5) Architect & Building News 123, 6 Jun 1930, 733; IB 72, 5 Jul,27 Sep 1930, 596,868.
(6) IB 88, 16 Nov 1946; 90, 17 Apr 1948, 298.


5 work entries listed in chronological order for NICHOLSON, CHARLES ARCHIBALD (SIR) #


Sort by date | Sort alphabetically


Building: CO. MAYO, BELCLARE, ALL SOULS' CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1905
Nature: Small Gothic church with Arts & Crafts detailing erected by Mrs Henry Livingstone in memory of her son Arthur Maurice Livingstone, killed in a hunting accident. (Similar to St John the Baptist, Curbridge, Oxfordshire; now (2012) a private house).
Refs: RA (1906), no. 1503;  Alex Koch (ed.), Academy Architecture (1906), 6,7(illus.); George A. Birmingham, Pleasant Places (1934), 109;  information from the Rev. Dr Edward Bundock, East Rudham, Norfolk, and Simon Wall, Town Architect, Westport, Co. Mayo, 2012.

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, DONEGALL STREET, ST ANNE'S CATHEDRAL (CI)
Date: 1925-27
Nature: West front (as memorial to fallen of World War I). Formal initiation, 2 Jun 1925. Completion celebrated, 2 Jun 1927.
Refs: Design for completion of W front, 1944, in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA Drawings Collection, PA568/5(1), see British Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/wWKsUH0fs1/MAIN_CAT/174010170/13 (last visited Apr 2009);  IB 66, 3 May 1924, 378; 67, 21 Feb 1925, 147; Architect & Building News 118, 27 May 1927, 912; John Frederick MacNeice, The Church of Ireland in Belfast (Belfast, 1931), 90;  C.E.B. Brett, Buildings of Belfast (2nd ed., 1985), 69; Paul Larmour, Belfast: an illustrated architectural guide (1987), 71 (no. 159, illus.)..

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, DONEGALL STREET, ST ANNE'S CATHEDRAL (CI)
Date: 1927-28
Nature: Furnishing and decoration of baptistry, including, floor and font.
Refs: Paul Larmour, Belfast: an illustrated architectural guide (1987), 71 (no. 159, illus.)..

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, DONEGALL STREET, ST ANNE'S CATHEDRAL (CI)
Date: 1930-32
Nature: Chapel of the Holy Spirit. Also bronze gates to W portal (executed by Tudor Art Co.).
Refs: Architect & Building News 123, 6 Jun 1930, 733; IB 72, 5 Jul,27 Sep 1930, 596,868; Paul Larmour, Belfast: an illustrated architectural guide (1987), 71 (no. 159)

Building: CO. ANTRIM, BELFAST, DONEGALL STREET, ST ANNE'S CATHEDRAL (CI)
Date: 1933;1947-1957
Nature: Eastern apse and ambulatory. (Assisted by Thomas Johnson Rushton.)
Refs: Design for completion of E end, 1933, in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA Drawings Collection, PA568/5(2), see British Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/wWKsUH0fs1/MAIN_CAT/174010170/13 (last visited Apr 2009); designs for an altar book rest, communion table, memorial book lectern & seats of honour for Belfast Cathedral,1932-36, in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA Drawings Collection, BOW [339].1-14, see British Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/W0ExXJ6FoH/MAIN_CAT/178920096/13 (last visited, May 2009); John Frederick MacNeice, The Church of Ireland in Belfast (Belfast, 1931),90-95;  IB 88, 16 Nov 1946; 90, 17 Apr 1948, 298; 97, 8 Oct 1955, 1049; Paul Larmour, Belfast: an illustrated architectural guide (1987), 71 (no. 159)