Selected: PAIN, JAMES


Born: 1779ca
Died: 1877


Architect and builder, of Limerick City. James Pain, who was born at Isleworth in Middlesex circa 1779, was the eldest of at least five sons of an English builder and surveyor of the same name. His grandfather William Pain was the author of a series of builder's pattern books.(1) James and his younger brother GEORGE RICHARD PAIN  GEORGE RICHARD PAIN were both pupils of JOHN NASH JOHN NASH , and when Nash designed Lough Cutra Castle, Co. Galway, for the Hon. Charles Vereker in 1811, he recommended that the two brothers should be placed in charge of the work. They accordingly came to Ireland. James Pain was already in Ireland by 31 July 1813, when he produced a proposal for rebuilding Dromoland Castle, Co. Clare,(2) and on 21 March 1814 he registered as a member of masonic lodge No. 13 in Limerick.(3) On 1 July 1816 he was granted the freedom of Limerick, followed on 29 January 1817 by his brother George Richard, who had probably joined him in Ireland in or soon after 1814. Meanwhile work at Lough Cutra Castle continued; in October 1817 James was badly injured, suffering concussion and a broken collarbone, when he fell from a height of four storeys at the castle after scaffolding on which he had been standing gave way.(4)

James continued in business as an architect and builder in Limerick while George Richard established himelf in Cork,(5) but they worked in close partnership until George Richard's death in 1838 and were together responsible for a very large number of buildings - churches (both Catholic and Protestant), country houses, court houses,(6) gaols and bridges - almost all of them in the south and west of Ireland. According to an article on the brothers in the Builder of 23 June 1911, whose anonymous author acknowledges assistance from James Pain's nephew Benjamin, there was a tradition that 'James was the better at planning, and was more the man of affairs, whereas George was the draughtsman, and designed the elevations'.(7)

It is said that it was through Nash's influence that in 1823 James Pain was appointed architect to the Board of First Fruits for Munster, responsible for all the churches and glebe houses in the province. George Richard acted as his assistant. James continued to work for the Board and, following the Church Temporalities Act of 1833, for the Ecclesiastical Commission which replaced it, until at least 1843.(8) Six volumes of his survey plans of churchyards in the ecclesiastical province of Cashel, with plans and elevations of the churches in them, dating from the 1820s to the 1840s, are in the Representative Church Body Library, Dublin (MS. 138).

Whereas George Richard Pain died relatively young, James lived on in Limerick to the great age of ninety-eight.(9) However , although he continued in practice, he appears to have received very few substantial commissions after the early 1840s. Lee & Jacobs suggest several reasons for this, among them the bad publicity associated with the building of Thomond Bridge, the death of his patron and supporter, Lord Gort in 1842, the reform of Limerick Corporation in the same year, and the centralization of the architectural department of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in 1843. Moreover, during the years of the potato famine, the incomes of many potential clients from the landowner class were much reduced. His last large commission appears to have been the addition of a west wing and other alterations to Knoppogue Castle, Co. Clare, begun in 1856, while he continued as architect to the Board of Superintendence of Co. Limerick Gaol until 1863.

James Pain died on 13 December 1877, aged 97, and was buried in the Vereker family vault in the churchyard of Limerick Cathedral on 17 December 1877. He was a widower at the time of his death but appears to have had no surviving children. In his will, written on 13 January 1863,(10) he makes bequests to numerous nephews and nieces in Ireland and England and their children. To Sally, daughter of George Richard Pain and wife of Henry Vereker of Limerick he left 'a small marble bust' of her father, a portrait of himself by Joseph Patrick Haverty and a bust of himself by Vereker. His executors were to 'look over' his library and portfolios of drawings and engravings and to distribute them among his relatives or destroy them as they saw fit. The drawings included a design submitted by the brothers in the competition of 1836 for the new Houses of Parliament at Westminster.(11) James Pain's pupils and assistants included HENRY WHITESTONE.  HENRY WHITESTONE.

RIAI: council member, 1842,1843;(12) resigned, 1867.(13)
GLFI:(14) registered as member of Lodge 13, Limerick, 21 March 1814 (also registered as member of Lodge 95, Cork, in 1824); WM Lodge 13, 1844; member, Royal Arch Chapter 13; Provincial Grand Superintendent of Works; Provincial Grand Architect; Provincial Grand Senior Deacon, Province of Munster, circa 1864.

Addresses:(15) Upper George's St, Limerick, 1824;(15) 33 George Street, 1846-1856; 35 George Street, 1863(16)-1875; 17 Upper Glentworth Street, 1877 and at time of death.(17)

See WORKS, which includes works by the brothers in partnership as well as those by James alone. See also BIBLIOGRAPHY. BIBLIOGRAPHY.

References
All information in this entry not otherwise accounted for is from the article on James and George Richard Pain in APSD, VII, P, 6-7, the obituary of James Pain, signed by W.F. (probably William Fogerty) in B 35, 29 Dec 1877, 1303-1304, reprinted in IB 20, 1 Jan 1878, 4, and David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), which is particularly useful for its use of local sources and for general background information. An obituary also appeared in Architect 18, 22 Dec 1877, 349. The work of the Pains is the subject of an illustrated article in B 100, 23 Jun 1911, 769-73.

(1) Information about James Pain, senior, and William Pain is from the entry on the latter in Colvin.
(2) See Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (1983), 132-3
(3) GLFI archives (information from Alex Ward); a survey drawing by James Pain of Thomond Bridge, Limerick, formerly in the collection of P.J. Lynch (see IB 61, 22 Nov 1919, 526) and now in the Hunt Museum, Limerick, is dated 13 Sep 1814.
(4) NLI MS. 8821
(6) gives details of this accident (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(5) According to Frederick O'Dwyer, The Architecture of Deane and Woodward (1997), 16, both James and Richard 'settled in Cork about 1818', but if so James had returned to Limerick by 1824, while George Richard remained in Cork.
(6) A 'Design for a court house and bridewell to be built in the different sessions towns in the County of Cork' by James and George Richard Pain, dated 6 May 1824, is in the Lismore Castle drawings collection (photocopy in IAA).
(7) B 100, 23 Jun 1911, 772.
(8) PP Church 1837-8, 142; 1844, 319 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(9) Lee & Jacobs, op. cit., 354, citing Limerick Chronicle, 15 Dec 1877, and civil death and burial records; other sources (including Lee & Jacobs, p. 9) give his age at death as 97.
(10) MS copy in NA/PRO Limerick District Registy will Books; published in Georgian Limerick 1714-1845 (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 255-258.
(11) B 100, 23 Jun 1911, 773.
(12) Pettigrew & Oulton's Dublin Almanac, 1842,1843.
(13) Report of council, session 1866-7 in RIAI Sessional Papers 1863-4 to 1869-70.
(14) See note 3, above, and Lee & Jacbs, op. cit., 016.
(15) Information extracted from Limerick City directories by Michael Maguire, Limerick City Library, unless otherwise stated.
(16) Address on will, see note 10, above; according to Lee & Jacobs, op. cit., above, 83-84, this is a re-numbering of No. 33.
(17) Register of burials in the united parishes of SS. Mary and Nicholas, Limerick, 1877 (photocopy in Jones file).

124 work entries listed in chronological order for PAIN, JAMES


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Building: CO. GALWAY, LOUGH CUTRA CASTLE
Date: 1811ca-1817
Nature: With G.R. Pain appointed supervising architects (or builders?) on recommendation of John Nash. Suffered concussion and a broken collarbone after falling from height of 4 storeys when scaffolding gave way in Oct 1817. For Col Charles Vereker ( 2nd Viscount Gort, 1817)
Refs: APSD VI, P,6; G.R. Pain exhibited two views of the Castle and James Pain 'Entrance of the Demesne of Lough Cooter' at the Cork Society for Promoting the Fine Arts, 1820 (Nos. 74,77,82);

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, ST AUGUSTINE PLACE, CITY GAOL
Date: 1811p-1814
Nature: New gaol. Grand Jury presentment of £6123,4s.3d. at Spring Assizes, 18 Mar 1811. Plans 'perfected by Mr Nash, architect'. Completed Nov 1813. 'Forcing engine to supply water' installed, 13 Mar 1814, 'by Mr Paine, architect, the builder of the city gaol'. (i.e. clerk of works to Nash?)
Refs: M. Lenihan, Limerick; its history and antiquities (1866), 428n,431n; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 17

Building: CO. LIMERICK, GLIN CASTLE
Date: 1812p
Nature: Alts. and imps. on demesne (stable yard, landscaping &c.) for 25th Knight of Glin attr. to JP by Desmond Fitzgerald, present Knight of Glin (but no documentary evidence for this). Also Village Gate Lodge (1820s) and Western Gate Lodge (1830s)?
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 35-37(illus.),236

Building: CO. CLARE, DROMOLAND
Date: 1813
Nature: Unexecuted Classical proposal.
Refs: D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 132-134, Pls. 60,61

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, BRIDGE STREET, CATHEDRAL OF ST MARY (CI)
Date: 1813?;1816
Nature: JP said to have designed W porch (Removed, 1892) and may also have designed Bow Lane gateway and lodge, opened 25 Dec 1813. (Was he also responsible for re-roofing cathedral in 1815? See Lenihan, 436)
Refs: M. Lenihan, Limerick; its history and antiquities (1866), 431; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 350-354

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, CORN MARKET
Date: 1815
Nature: JP paid £9.13s for slating same and weather slating parapet wall and £8.8d.for pointing parapet.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 31

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, NICHOLAS STREET, EXCHANGE
Date: 1815;1819
Nature: Payment of £423.17s.to JP by Limerick Corporation for repairs to same, Apr 1815. Payment of £182.1s.2½to 'Mssrs. Pain' for additional repairs, Jun 1819.
Refs: David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 232-3; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 31

Building: CO. CLARE, NEWMARKET-ON-FERGUS, CHURCH (CI, KILNASOOLAGH PARISH)
Date: 1815;1837
Nature: New church, 1815. Makes survey plans of church and vaults, 1837.
Refs: Pans, s. & d.1837, in NLI, AD 2593,2594; David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 233; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 27-29(illus.); Adrian Hewson, ed., Inspiring Stones: a history of the Church of Ireland Dioceses of Limerick, Ardfert, Aghadoe, Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, Kilmacduagh & Emly (1995), 103(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, BAKER'S PLACE, CHURCH OF ST SAVIOUR (RC, DOMINICAN)
Date: 1816
Nature: Begun by James Pain. For Fr. Joseph Harrigan, Prior. Consecrated 6 Jul 1816.
Refs: M. Lenihan, History of Limerick (1866), 651; Judith Hill, The Building of Limerick (1991), 118; M. Craig & D. Fitzgerald, Ireland Observed (1970), 78; David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 233(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 33-35

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, MULGRAVE STREET, COUNTY GAOL
Date: 1816-21
Nature: New gaol on radiating principle.. £23,000 alotted to construction of same, 1816. JP architect. Contract awarded to Mssrs. Pain and.William & Nicholas Hannan. Opened 1821. Submits plan for new hospital, 1847. Extension of female wing, 1849.
Refs: Limerick Gazette, 5 Apr 1816, 15 Aug 1817; E.McP files, citing Limerick Grand Jury Presentments, Spring 1818; bird's eye view exh. by GRP at Cork Society for Promoting the Fine Arts, 1820, no.83 (ALEI, II, 552); Patrick Fitzgerald & John James McGregor, The history, topography, and antiquities, of the county and city of Limerick (Dublin, 1826-7), II, 583-588(illus. facing p.578); APSD V, L,92; VI, P,7; M. Lenihan, History of Limerick (1866), 447; David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 235; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 51-56,59-61(illus.),72(illus.),341

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, THOMOND BRIDGE
Date: 1816;1836-1840
Nature: New bridge 5-arch replacing mediaeval 14-arch one carried away by storms in 1833. JP and G.R. Pain architects and contractors. Original survey made by JP in 1814 and proposal for replacement presented to Corporation, 1816 but not built until 1836-40. William H. Owen resident engineer.
Refs: 5th Annual Report of Commissioners of Public Works (Ireland) (1837), 13, Plan no. 3; APSD VI, P,7. (According to Mairead Dunleavy there is a watercolour of old? bridge, s. James Pain 1814 in Hunt Museum, Limerick.); M. Lenihan, Limerick; its history and antiquities (1866), 50; Judith Hill, The Building of Limerick (1991), 147-148(illus.); David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 29-30,307-320(illus.)

Building: CO. CLARE, ?, BRIDGE
Date: 1817
Nature: -
Refs: Co. Clare Grand Jury Presentments (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. CLARE, ENNIS, BINDON STREET, CHURCH OF ST COLUMBA (CI, DRUMCLIFF PARISH)
Date: 1817
Nature: Renovation after church was struck by lightning. Detail borrowed from Dublin Castle chapel?.
Refs: NLI, MS. 8821; see also Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 601

Building: CO. CLARE, ENNIS, BINDON STREET, CHURCH OF ST COLUMBA (CI, DRUMCLIFF PARISH)
Date: 1818
Nature: JP prepares plans for new church; 'work...is to commence immediately, and will, it is expected, be completed within the space of twelve months'.
Refs: Freeman's Journal,  27 Oct 1818.

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, WESTERN ROAD, COUNTY GAOL
Date: 1818-22;1827ca
Nature: Addition of House of Correction, with G.R. Pain. Doric portico. 3-storey central block with 3 radiating wings. Opened 1822. GRP designs approach to gaol, 1823. James & GR Pain contractors for additions ca 1827.
Refs: APSD, C, 148, and P, 7;  NA CSO/RP 868 (formerly CSORP1819/T70); NA/SPO CSORP 1819 c245 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44), NA/SPO CSORP 1824/8009 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44), NA/SPO 588 AA (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); B 944; B 100, 23 Jun 1911, 771(illus.); J. Windele, Historical and Descriptive Notices of the City of Cork (1849). ?; Mark Bence-Jones, 'Two pairs of architect brothers', Country Life 142, 10 Aug 1967, 307,308(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 75-80(illus.)

Building: CO. KERRY, LISTOWEL, CHURCH OF ST JOHN (CI)
Date: 1819
Nature: Stated by Hewson to have been designed by JP.
Refs: Adrian Hewson, ed., Inspiring Stones: a history of the Church of Ireland Dioceses of Limerick, Ardfert, Aghadoe, Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, Kilmacduagh & Emly (1995), 157(illus.).


Building: CO. CORK, CORK, COUNTY GAOL
Date: 1819
Nature: 'Mr Payne', architect to Commissioners for Building County Cork House of Correction, makes proposals for same.
Refs: Letter from Davys Tuckey to William Gregory, 19 Feb 1819, in NA, CSO/RP/1819/868.

Building: CO. CLARE, DROMOLAND
Date: 1819-1838
Nature: Castellated. With G.R. Pain, for Sir Edward O'Brien, 4th Bt.
Refs: Drawings in Dromoland Castle album (Dowager Lady Inchiquin; photographed by IAA), in collection of Lord Inchiquin and in NLI AD 2489-2575; F.O. Morris, Views of Seats IV, 27; APSD VI, P, 6-7; D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 140-146 (illus. in II, 65-75); David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 236-239; F. O'Dwyer, '"A Noble Pile in the late Tudor Style": Mitchelstown Castle', Irish Arts Review 18 (2002), 31-32; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 25-27(illus.),110-112(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, MERCHANT'S QUAY, COUNTY COURT HOUSE
Date: 1820
Nature: Furnishing of barristers' room; proposed alts.. With G.R. Pain.
Refs: Co. Limerick Grand Jury Presentments, Summer, 1820 (IAA, E. McParland files, Acc. 2008/44); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 225.

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, GEORGE IV BRIDGE
Date: 1820
Nature: Completed by James & G.R. Pain.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 191

Building: CO. CLARE, ENNIS, COUNTY COURT HOUSE (OLD)
Date: 1820-21
Nature: Repairs.
Refs: Co. Clare Grand Jury Presentments (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, CASTLEGARDE
Date: 1820ca
Nature: Addition of castellated wing to 16th cent tower house, 'probably to the design of James and George Richard Pain' (Bence Jones) For Waller O'Grady. Also castellated gateway and restoration of tower house?
Refs: Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 69(illus.); 235; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 235(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, CHAPEL RUSSELL, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1822
Nature: 'large and handsome' church, 'built in 1822, by aid of a gift of £900 from the late Board of First Fruits, and £100 from the Incorporated Society, for the erection of a gallery for the children of the Shannon Grove charter school.'. Attr. to Pains by Douglas Scott Richardson. (Demolished, 1959).
Refs: Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 321; Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (1983), 207

Building: CO. LIMERICK, MUNGRET, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1822-4
Nature: Cruciform. With G.R. Pain. (Demolished)
Refs: D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture iN Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 242, notes 37,38; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 160-61

Building: CO. CORK, MIDLETON, CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST (CI)
Date: 1823
Nature: New church. Tower with octagonal lantern and spire. With G.R. Pain.
Refs: Lewis, II, 369; APSD VI, P,6; D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 243; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 154-7(illus.)

Building: CO. CORK, MITCHELSTOWN, MARKET HOUSE
Date: 1823
Nature: New market house with court room above. For 3rd Earl of Kingston. Cost: £3,000.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 117-118(illus.)

Building: CO. CORK, CARRIGALINE, CHURCH OF ST MARY (CI)
Date: 1823-24
Nature: New cruciform Gothic church on site of previous one. With G.R. Pain. Opened Feb 1824. North transept added 1835 (Lewis).
Refs: Dublin Penny Journal 2, 7 Sep 1833, 78; S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837), 278; APSD VI, P,7; JCHAS 14 (1939), ? (article by H.H. Hill);   D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 242, note 37; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 169

Building: CO. CORK, MITCHELSTOWN CASTLE
Date: 1823-25
Nature: New Gothic castle (incorporating 18th cent. house) for Earl of Kingston. Said by Pückler-Muskau (who thought it in bad taste) to have cost £50,000 and by Lewis £100,000. With G.R. Pain. (Burnt out, 1922; ruin almost completely demolished.)
Refs: Hermann, Fürst von Pückler-Muskau, Tour in England, Ireland, and France: in the years 1828, and 1829 (1832), II, 21-2; Dublin Penny Journal 2, 22 Mar 1834, 300(illus.); J.P. Neale, Views of Seats VIII (2nd series. II, 1825), nos. 58 & 59; Dublin Penny Journal 2, 22 Mar 1834, 300; APSD VI, P,6-7; Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), II, 373; Mark Bence-Jones, 'A Vanished Gothic Castle in Ireland', Country Life 133, 18 Apr 1963, 841; D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 147; David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 239-145(illus.); F. O'Dwyer, '"A Noble Pile in the late Tudor Style": Mitchelstown Castle', Irish Arts Review 18 (2002), 31-43; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 115-117(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, BRIDGE STREET, CATHEDRAL OF ST MARY (CI)
Date: 1823p;1826
Nature: Monument to Rev. William Deane Hoare (d.1823), with G.R. Pain. Their only known church memorial. Executed by Fitzgerald, Cork. Also Gothic wooden screen behind(?) altar, 1826, with G.R.Pain.
Refs: H. Potterton, Irish Church Monuments 1570-1880 (UAHS, 1975), 73; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 172,174(illus.),175

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, CUSTOM HOUSE QUAY, CUSTOM HOUSE
Date: 1824
Nature: Opening of entrance on Rutland to new excise office.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 236

Building: CO. CORK, CASTLETOWNSEND, CHURCH OF ST BARRAHANE (CI, CASTLEHAVEN PARISH)
Date: 1824-1826
Nature: New church in Castle Townsend demesne by JP and GR Pain; a large and very handsome edifice, with a lofty square tower supported by buttresses and crowned with pinnacles' (Lewis). Cost £1,384, most of which was given by Board of First Fruits.
Refs: S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 297 (gaives date as 1827); letter from Captain P.M.B. Chavasse, 10 Mar 1973; JCHAS (1923), 30 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. CORK, KANTURK, COURT HOUSE
Date: 1824p
Nature: Built to standard Pain design.
Refs: 'Design for a court house and bridewell to be built in the different sessions towns in the County of Cork' by James and George Richard Pain, 6 May 1824, Lismore Castle drawings collection (photocopy in IAA).

Building: CO. CORK, CASTLETOWNROCHE, CHURCH OF ST MARY (CI)
Date: 1825
Nature: New church on Latin cross plan, erected on site of old church. With G.R. Pain; 'a remarkably handsome structure, with a tower surmounted by a finely proportioned spire; the lower stage is pierced with a window on every face, the copings of which form a zigzag ornament continued all round' (Lewis).
Refs: S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 312; D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 242, note 37; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 152,153(illus.),162(illus.),163;  Bill Power, 'A treasury of churches: North Cork churches of James Pain', Mallow Field Club Journal 22 (2004),78-79(illus.).

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, HOWTH CASTLE
Date: 1825
Nature: Unexecuted plans. With G.R. Pain. For 3rd Earl of Howth.
Refs: Photographs in NLI, AD 1818-1833

Building: CO. CORK, CONVAMORE CASTLE (BALLYHOOLY)
Date: 1825a
Nature: Classical. With G.R. Pain, for 1st Earl of Listowel. (Burnt out in 1921. Now a ruin.)
Refs: J.N. Brewer, The Beauties of Ireland (1825), I, 415-7; APSD VI, P,7; Mark Bence-Jones, 'Time and neglect', Country Life, 30 May 1974, 1356-9; Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 89(illus.); Anna-Maria Hajba, Houses of Cork I (2002), 124-5(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 233

Building: CO. OFFALY, TULLAMORE, CORMAC STREET, COUNTY GAOL
Date: 1826
Nature: New gaol on radiating principle (Similar to Limerick). Plans exhibited at Spring Assizes, 1825. FS laid 13 Sep 1826 (date on plaque on building).
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1826/13,514 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); King's County Presentments  (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 65

Building: CO. OFFALY, BIRR, RECTORY
Date: 1826
Nature: New. 'The glebe-house, in the town, awas an old building in very indifferent repair, but a new one has lately been erected' (Lewis).
Refs: Lalor Cooke, The Picture of Parsonstown (1826), 212 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), II, 456;

Building: CO. CORK, BUTTEVANT, CHURCH OF ST JOHN (CI)
Date: 1826
Nature: New Gothic church on Greek Cross plan.With G.R. Pain.
Refs: 'Ground plans and elevations of the churches in the diocese of Cloyne' in RCB Library; S. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 236; APSD VI, P,7; D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I,203 (illus. in II, 103,104);  David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 158-10(illus.);  plan in Bill Power, 'A treasury of churches: North Cork churches of James Pain', Mallow Field Club Journal 22 (2004),77.

Building: CO. CLARE, O'BRIEN'S BRIDGE, GLEBE HOUSE
Date: 1826
Nature: New glebe house with offices at Ross, on site presented by Thomas Westropp. Tenders invited Aug 1826.
Refs: Limerick Chronicle, 30 Aug 1826, cited by David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 138; Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), II, 446

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, ATHLUNKARD BRIDGE
Date: 1826-1830
Nature: New 5-arch bridge across Shannon. JP architect and contractor, with G.R. Pain. Cost: £7,000.
Refs: Inscription on plaque on bridge; 1st Annual Report of Commissioners of Public Works (Ireland) (1833), 5;  Limerick Chronicle, 19 Apr 1834, cited in David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 273-274(illus.); M. Lenihan, Limerick; its history and antiquities (1866), 475-6;  APSD VI, P,7;  R.C. Cox & M.H. Gould, Civil Engineering Heritage: Ireland (1998), 252-253.

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, VILLIERS ALMSHOUSE
Date: 1826-27
Nature: New Tudor Gothic almshouse. With G.R. Pain. For Protestant and Presbyterian widows. Funded by endowment from will of Mrs Hannah Villiers. Opened 1827.
Refs: Patrick Fitzgerald & John James McGregor, The history, topography, and antiquities, of the county and city of Limerick (Dublin, 1826-7), II, 605-6;   P.J. Lynch, 'James and George Richard Pain', IB 61, 22 Nov 1919, 526;   David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 250,251(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 239-240(illus.)

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, EMLY, CATHEDRAL OF ST ALIBIUS (CI)
Date: 1826-27
Nature: Rebuilding of old cathedral 'in the later English style, with a lofty spire..at the expense of £2521.11.9, defrayed from a surplus of the economy fund which had been for several years acculmulating for that purpose' (Lewis).  (Demolished 1877)
Refs: Limerick Chronicle, 12 Aug 1826; APSD, P, 6; Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 599; St John D. Seymour, The Diocese of Emly (1913), ? (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 140-141(illus.),162(illus.),163

Building: CO. LIMERICK, ASKEATON, GLEBE HOUSE
Date: 1826-27
Nature: New glebe house; 'a large and handsome residence…built in 1827' (Lewis). Tenders invited, 29 Apr 1826. For Rev. R. Murray.
Refs: Limerick Chronicle, 29 Apr 1826 (cited by David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 137); Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), I, 81

Building: CO. LIMERICK, ADARE, CHURCH OF ST NICHOLAS (CI; FORMER AUGUSTINIAN ABBEY)
Date: 1826-27
Nature: Dunraven mausoleum. Designed by JP, 1826. Built 1827. for 2nd Earl of Dunraven.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 206-207(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, CASTLECONNELL, CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS (CI, STRADBALLY PARISH)
Date: 1826;1842
Nature: Enlargement (N transept & porch), 1826. Alts. (conversion of transept into nave, resiting of chancel &c), 1842. Monument to Anne, Countess of Clare, 1844.
Refs: Signed drawings, dated 1826 and 1842, in RCB Library, portfolio 19; Limerick Chronicle, 30 Oct 1844, cited by David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 328-330; illus. in Adrian Hewson, ed., Inspiring Stones: a history of the Church of Ireland Dioceses of Limerick, Ardfert, Aghadoe, Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, Kilmacduagh & Emly (1995), 125

Building: CO. CLARE, QUINVILLE
Date: 1827
Nature: 'The Pain brothers are...believed to have recast Quinville...in the Tudor Gothic style (1827) for John Singleton'.
Refs: F. O'Dwyer, '"A Noble Pile in the late Tudor Style": Mitchelstown Castle', Irish Arts Review 18 (2002), 42n

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, CHURCH STREET, CHURCH OF ST MUNCHIN (CI)
Date: 1827
Nature: Rebuilding.
Refs: Judith Hill, The Building of Limerick (1991), 157,159(illus.); David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 246(illus.); Limerick Chronicle, 12 Aug 1826, cited by David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 149-50(illus.),156(illus.),180-183

Building: CO. CORK, LEAP, CHURCH (CI, KILMACABEA PARISH)
Date: 1827
Nature: Described by Lewis as 'a handsome building with a lofty square tower…erected in 1827, at an expense of £900, which was granted by the late Board of First Fruits'.
Refs: Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), II, 161; letter from Captain P.M.B. Chavasse, to E. McParland, 10 Mar 1973 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, CURRAGH CHASE
Date: 1827-28
Nature: JP paid £709 11s for works at same for Sir Aubrey Hunt (later de Vere).
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 230

Building: CO. WATERFORD, LISMORE, CATHEDRAL OF ST CARTHAGE (CI)
Date: 1827ca?
Nature: Works at same, including new tower and spire, new W porch and repairs to aisle. With G.R. Pain.
Refs: H.Hill, 'Diary of an Itinerary in Ireland in 1831'; Part elevation and view of interior of cathedral by Hill showing monument in place, both signed and dated Aug 1831, in collection of Myrtle Allen, Ballymaloe, Co. Cork (photographed by IAA, neg. no. S/2307/15,S/2308/4); NLI MS. 1657 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44);  APSD, P, 7;   Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (1983), 208, Pl.108;  David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 167.

Building: CO. GALWAY, GORT, CHURCH OF ST COLMAN (RC)
Date: 1828
Nature: New church, for Rev. Michael Duffy, PP. By 'Mr Payne' (?James and/or George Richard). Cruciform.  Dedicated 6 Sep 1829.
Refs: Note by Rory O'Donnell in B of I files citing The Mantle Vol. 2, No. 3;  Tom May, Churches of Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora (Galway, 2000), 88.

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, ROXBOROUGH ROAD, DIOCESAN SCHOOL
Date: 1828-1838
Nature: New school to replace earlier one. Plans prepared, 1828. Completed 1838. (Bought by Limerick Mental Hospital committee, 1932.)
Refs: JCHAS 67 (1962, Pt.2), 104

Building: CO. CORK, BLACKROCK CASTLE
Date: 1828-29
Nature: New castle built on foundations of Jacobean one. With G.R. Pain, for Cork Corporation.
Refs: Architects named in inscription on gate; Dublin Penny Journal I, 11 Aug 1832, 147; J. Windele, Historical and descriptive notices of the City of Cork (1849), ?; APSD VI, P, 6-7; D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 147-8;  David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 191-195(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, ADARE MANOR
Date: 1828;1829;1832-1836ca
Nature: Gothic and Classical proposals for same, with G.R. Pain, for 2nd Earl of Dunraven, 1828, 1829.. Gothic proposal chosen. Building started with kitchen wing, 1832. Pains no longer employed after c.1838 when building still incomplete. (Work on house continued by A.W. Pugin and completed by P.C. Hardwick.)
Refs: 'drawings in house' (Edward McParland files); microfilm of correspondence between 2nd Earl of Dunraven and JP,1842, and building accounts,1832-1845, in PRONI, Dunraven Papers,  D3196/J/3/1-31 and D3196/J/3A/1-6; Country Life, 22 Sep 1966; for a full discussion of the rebuilding of Adare under the auspices of the 2nd and 3rd Earls of Dunraven, see John Cornforth, 'Adare Manor, Co. Limerick, Country Life 145, 15,22,29 May 1969, 1232,1302,1366; D. Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (New York, 1983), I, 176 (n.75); David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 249-50(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 209-214(illus.),356(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, ELM PARK (CLARINA)
Date: 1828ca
Nature: Castellated mansion. With G.R. Pain. For 3rd Baron Clarina.
Refs: Obituary of JP in IB 20, 1 Jan 1878, 4; Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 119(illus.); F. O'Dwyer, '"A Noble Pile in the late Tudor Style": Mitchelstown Castle', Irish Arts Review 18 (2002), 32; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 232-3(illus).

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, ST AUGUSTINE PLACE, CITY GAOL
Date: 1829
Nature: Additions.
Refs: E.McP files, citing ?Parliamentary Papers, Gaols 1829.

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, CLONMEL, FREE SCHOOL
Date: 1829-30
Nature: Designed by Pain brothers. Supervising architect: John Jones.
Refs: JCHAS (1964) 1, 1.

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, OLIVER PLUNKETT STREET, INDEPENDENT CHAPEL
Date: 1829-31
Nature: New Italianate chapel on site of old assembly rooms. With J. Pain. Interior oblong but round at extremities. Circular roof light. Richly panelled and arched ceiling. Cost: £3,000.
Refs: J. Windele, Historical and descriptive notices of the City of Cork (1849), ?; APSD II, C, 147 and VI, P,7

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, SOUTH MALL, COUNTY CLUB HOUSE
Date: 1829-31
Nature: New club house. Classical, with engaged composite columns. With G.R. Pain, who was also the contractor. Cost £4,000..
Refs: Plans, elevation, specification, estimate, articles of agreement, letters, 1829-31, in IAA (Acc. 81/85, see County of Cork Club House handlist); J. Windele, Historical and Descriptive Notices of the City of Cork (1849), ?; APSD, C, 148, & P, 7

Building: CO. CORK, CASTLE FREKE
Date: 1830
Nature: Proposed entrance front, hall, kitchen, business room, dressing room, bedrooms. With G.R. Pain, for John Evans-Freke, 6th Baron Carbery.
Refs: Drawings, one signed and dated 26 Feb 1830, in Carbery Estate papers in collection of Thomas Pakenham, Tullynally Castle (photographed by IAA; see list in IAA, nos. P48-50)

Building: CO. CLARE, CLONLARA, CHURCH (CI, KILTINANLEA PARISH)
Date: 1830
Nature: Addition of pinnacled square tower to church of 1782. Grant of £300 from Board of First Fruits.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 167

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, BAAL'S BRIDGE
Date: 1830-31
Nature: Replacement of old 4-arched bridge with single span bridge. With G.R. Pain. Begun Nov 1830. Completed Nov 1831. Contractor: Williams. For New Limerick Navigation Co.
Refs: Inscriptions on bridge; M. Lenihan, Limerick; its history and antiquities (1866), 475; APSD V, L, 91; VI, P,7; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 275-7(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, KILCORNAN, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1830-32
Nature: 'The church, a spacious and handsome edifice with a lofty embattled tower, was built entirely of hewn marble in 1832, at an expense of £1500, of which £800 was a loan from the late Board of First Fruits, and the remainder a gift from J. Waller, Esq., who also undertook to repay the loan' (Lewis). Attr. to James & G.R. Pain by Scott Richardson.
Refs: Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837), II, 72; Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (1983), 105-107, 205;  illus. in Adrian Hewson, ed., Inspiring Stones: a history of the Church of Ireland Dioceses of Limerick, Ardfert, Aghadoe, Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, Kilmacduagh & Emly (1995), 154.


Building: CO. CORK, MARSHALSTOWN, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1830p
Nature: New church. Earl of Kingston donates £200 towards cost of same, 1830.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 118-120,141

Building: CO. CORK, DROMKEEN, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1831
Nature: New church on Greek Cross plan.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 161(illus.)

Building: CO. CLARE, ENNIS, COLLEGE ROAD, GRAMMAR SCHOOL
Date: 1832-33
Nature: New school.
Refs: Signed plans, 1832, and design for entrance gate, 1833, in Erasmus Smith Schools archive, Danum, Zion Rd, Rathgar, Dublin.

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, LISRONAGH, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1832a
Nature: 'neat edifice completed in 1832' (Lewis). Builder: William Tinsley.
Refs: J.D. Forbes, Victorian Architect: the life and work of William Tinsley (Bloomington, 1953), 19-21; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 138-9(illus.)

Building: CO. KERRY, TARBERT, ERASMUS SMITH SCHOOL
Date: 1833
Nature: Alterations
Refs: Plans, elevation, letter from JP, specification & site plan in Erasmus Smith Collection, High School, Zion Rd, Rathgar

Building: CO. LIMERICK, GLENSTAL CASTLE
Date: 1833
Nature: Unexecuted proposals, with G.R. Pain, for Sir Matthew Barrington.
Refs: Drawings in house, see M. Tierney & J. Cornforth, 'Glenstal', Country Life 156, 3 Oct 1974, 934-935,936(illus.);  David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 219-20(illus.).

Building: CO. LIMERICK, ROCKBARTON (BRUFF)
Date: 1833
Nature: Work on new library, valued at £28.17s.3d. For 1st Viscount Guillamore.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 228

Building: CO. LIMERICK, CAHIRGUILLAMORE HOUSE
Date: 1833
Nature: Unspecified work valued at £10.10s. For 1st Viscount Guillamore.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 228

Building: CO. LIMERICK, TULLYBRACCA, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1833
Nature: JP paid for work valued at £9.9s.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 228

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, CORBALLY, PARK RD
Date: 1833
Nature: JP and G.R. Pain build new road leading from Athlunkard Bridge for Athlunkard Bridge commissioner.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 241

Building: CO. LIMERICK, KILLALIATHAN, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1834
Nature: 3-bay, rectangular plan, 2-light, Y-tracery E window. Bellcote on W gable, robing room in W end. Is this a design for a new church or a survey of existing church of 1812 (described as being 'in a very dilapidated state' by Lewis)? (Only one mentioned in |Parliamentary Gazetteer|(1844).)
Refs: Signed drawing, dated July 1834, in RCB Library, portfolio 22

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, RICHMOND PLACE, NO. 001 (AGRICULTURAL & COMMERCIAL BANK OF IRELAND)
Date: 1834
Nature: Conversion of Mr Morgan's house into bank.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 236

Building: CO. OFFALY, LOUGHTON (MONEYGALL)
Date: 1835
Nature: Alts. & adds. For Benjamin Bloomfield, 1st Baron Bloomfield.
Refs: Georgian Society Records (1909-13), V, 94

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, PERY SQUARE, NO. 001-6 (TONTINE TERRACE)
Date: 1835-38
Nature: Terrace of 6 houses, probably designed by JP, who was supervising architect for Pery Sq Tontine Co. and owned 4 shares. Contractor: Pierse Creagh, Ennis.
Refs: Photocopies of original contract in IAA; James McMahon, The Pery Square Tontine (Limerick Civic Trust, 1999), unpaginated; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 287-99(illus.)

Building: CO. WATERFORD, FORT WILLIAM
Date: 1836
Nature: House of cut freestone 'in the gabled style of the Elizabethan era' for John Bowen Gumbleton..
Refs: J.B. Burke, Visitation of Seats & Arms (2nd ser., 1855), I, 213; Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 126.

Building: ENGLAND, LONDON, HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT
Date: 1836
Nature: Competition entrant. Gothic design, with G.R. Pain.
Refs: B 100, 23 Jun 1911, 773.

Building: CO. CLARE, CLARECASTLE, QUAY
Date: 1836
Nature: Proposed new quay, with G.R. Pain.
Refs: Plans and specifications in NLI, AD 2595-2597

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, HENRY STREET UPPER, VILLIERS ORPHANAGE & SCHOOL
Date: 1837-39
Nature: New orpanage and school for Protestant girls. Classical. Construction attr. by T.F. McNamara to Pain brothers, who were paid £2,388. by T.F. McNamara. Total cost: £3,089.18s.10d.
Refs: T.F. McNamara, Portrait of Cork (1981), 154; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 240-241(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, ASH HILL TOWERS (KILMALLOCK)
Date: 1837ca
Nature: Castellation and Gothicization of house of 1781 for Eyre Evans; 'probably' by Pain brothers.
Refs: North Munster Antiquarian Journal (1949), 18; Maurice Craig & the Knight of Glin, Ireland Observed (1970), 12;  Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 13 (illus.) (gives date as 1833).

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, CARRICK-ON-SUIR, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1838
Nature: Proposed new church? 4-bay rectangular plan, with porches at W. & bellcote on W. gable. Gallery at W end. (Was it executed? Not built when entry in Parliamentary Gazetteer (1844) was written)
Refs: Drawing, signed James Pain, March 1838(?), in RCB Library, portfolio 27.

Building: CO. CLARE, KILRUSH, PROVINCIAL BANK
Date: 1838
Nature: Conversion of existing building into branch bank at cost of over £1,000.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 237

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, PERY SQUARE, CHURCH OF ST MICHAEL (CI)
Date: 1838-1844
Nature: Proposed new Gothic church, with tower and spire. With G.R. Pain. Built in simpler form than original design and without spire. Opened 8 Dec 1844. Contractor: William Wallace.
Refs: Signed, undated perspective view in collection of Knight of Glin (photograph in IAA); David Lee, 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' in David Lee & Christine Gonzalez, eds., Georgian Limerick 1714-1845, II (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 233,251; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 334-337(illus.),248-350(illus.); illus. in Adrian Hewson, ed., Inspiring Stones: a history of the Church of Ireland Dioceses of Limerick, Ardfert, Aghadoe, Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, Kilmacduagh & Emly (1995), 136-139

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, MALLOW STREET (& GEORGE'S STREET), PROVINCIAL BANK
Date: 1839
Nature: New premises. Classical. 5-bay, 3-storey over basement.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 237(illus.),238

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, KILLENAULE, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1840
Nature: New church. 3-bay rectangular plan, with lancet windows and bellcote on W gable.
Refs: Drawing, signed J. Pain, 12 December 1840, in RCB Library, portfolio 3.

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, CLONBEG, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1840
Nature: New church. Site selected, 1839. Building in progress, 1840. Builder: William Tinsley.
Refs: J.D. Forbes, Victorian Architect: the life and work of William Tinsley (Bloomington, 1953), 35; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 165-6(illus.)

Building: CO. CLARE, KILKEE, CHURCH OF ST JAMES (CI, KILFIERAGH PARISH))
Date: 1840-41
Nature: New church. 4-bay rectangular plan, with traceried W and E windows. In use 1841 but not consecrated until 1843.
Refs: Drawing, signed and dated Mar 1840, in RCB Library, portfolio 19 (Church described as 'quite recently built' in Parliamentary Gazetteer (1844)); Adrian Hewson, ed., Inspiring Stones: a history of the Church of Ireland Dioceses of Limerick, Ardfert, Aghadoe, Killaloe, Kilfenora, Clonfert, Kilmacduagh & Emly (1995), 101(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, KILBEHENNY, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1840-44
Nature: New church. 3 bay, rectangular, with bellcote over W gable. Dedicated 17 Oct 1844. Builder: William Tinsley, Clonmel. (Demolished in 1930s)
Refs: Design, signed by James Pain 1840, in RCB Library, portfolio 17 (Design is annotated: 'It is hoped that a porch will be built that can be used as the foundation of a future tower should funds become available. The Countess of Kingston has already given £250.)';   J.D. Forbes, Victorian Architect: the life and work of William Tinsley (University of Indiana Press, 1953), 35; David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 163,323

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, KILVEMNON, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1840ca?
Nature: New church. 3-bay, rectangular plan, lancet windows, bellcote on W gable. Contractor: William Tinsley, Clonmel.
Refs: Signed, undated drawing in RCB Library, portfolio 3; J.D. Forbes, Victorian Architect: the life and work of William Tinsley (University of Indiana Press, 1953), 35

Building: CO. LIMERICK, PALLASGREEN, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1841
Nature: New church. 3-bay rectangular, with bellcote on W gable, lancet windows.
Refs: Design, signed and dated 5 May 1841, in RCB Library, portfolio 17.

Building: CO. LIMERICK, CORCOMOHIDE, CHURCH (CI)
Date: 1841
Nature: Proposed new 4-bay, hall-with-bellcote church.
Refs: Designs, signed and dated July 1841 in RCB Library;   David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 164-5(illus.).

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, BRIDGE STREET, CATHEDRAL OF ST MARY (CI)
Date: 1841
Nature: New entrance on Bridge street
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 175,329(illus.),330

Building: CO. CLARE, DROMOLAND
Date: 1842-43
Nature: Alts. & imps., including unexecuted proposal for new dining room, for Sir Lucius O'Brien. New fireplaces executed by Killaloe Marble Works, 1843.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 328

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, BRIDGE STREET, CATHEDRAL OF ST MARY (CI)
Date: 1843
Nature: Alts., including installation of Perpendicular style E window (removed by Slater and installed in St Michael's church, Limerick).
Refs: M. Lenihan, Limerick; its history and antiquities (1866), 42; Lynda Mulvin, 'St Mary's Cathedral, Limerick: unpublished correspondence of the cathedral restoration in the nineteenth century', Irish Architectural and Decorative Studies 4 (2001), 181-2,183(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 175,345-6(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, RATHKEALE, COURT HOUSE
Date: 1843
Nature: Mr Fitzgerald, 'architect', wins contract for building same to designs by James Pain.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 226

Building: CO. LIMERICK, LIMERICK, ST AUGUSTINE PLACE, CITY COURT HOUSE (NEW)
Date: 1843
Nature: JP makes plans for new court house for Limerick City Grand Jury.
Refs: Limerick Chronicle, 26 Jul 1843, cited by David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 328

Building: CO. CORK, GLANMIRE, FATHER MATHEW MEMORIAL TOWER
Date: 1843-1845
Nature: Attr. to JP by Scott Richardson (but see Robert Howard).
Refs: Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland (1983), 175, n73.

Building: CO. LIMERICK, BRUFF, ADELAIDE SCHOOL
Date: 1845a
Nature: New school, for Rev. Godfrey Massy. JP gives plans free of charge. Opened 10 Jul 1845.
Refs: Limerick Chronicle, 5 Aug 1843, and Dawson Massy, The Faithful Shepherd (1870), 421-2, both cited by David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 328

Building: ?, MOUNT RIVERS
Date: 1850
Nature: Adds.
Refs: 4 s. & d. plans in NLI, AD 1778-1781

Building: CO. CLARE, KNOPPOGUE CASTLE
Date: 1850s
Nature: Castellated range and other alterations. For 23rd Baron Dunboyne. Contractor: Patrick Flaherty. Executed before Nov 1854.
Refs: Clare Freeman14 Jun 1856; Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 180(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 235,343-345(illus.); Mary Cecilia Lyons, Illustrated Incumbered Estates Ireland, 1850-1905 (1993), 120-122(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, DOON, SCHOOL
Date: 1851
Nature: Tenders invited for erection of new school house.
Refs: B 9, 19 Apr 1851, 254

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, BALLYKISTEEN
Date: 1851
Nature: Accounts of C.G. Gray, agent to Earl of Derby, 31 Dec 1851, record payment of commission of £60 on £1200 outlay at Arcoboy(?) and Ballykisteen; accounts, 31 Dec 1853, record further payment of £45 commission for extensive work at Ballycomisk.
Refs: Lancashire Record Office, Stanley, Earls of Derby papers, DDK 1710/3, 1710/6/2

Building: CO. LIMERICK, PALLASGREEN, SCHOOLS
Date: 1852
Nature: New schools to be erected.
Refs: B 10, 24 Apr 1852, 268

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, KNOCKBALLYNOE
Date: 1853-54
Nature: Works for Lord Derby at Knockballynoe and Ballycomisk totalling £1,656.  R. Cavenagh paid £20 for superintending same.
Refs: Lancashire Record Office, Stanley, Earls of Derby papers, DDK 1710/3, 1710/6/2

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, BALLYCOMISK
Date: 1853-54
Nature: Work for Lord Derby at Knockballynoe and Ballycomisk totalling £1,656. R. Cavenagh paid £20, 1854, for superintending same.
Refs: Lancashire Record Office, Stanley, Earls of Derby papers, DDK 1710/3, 1710/6/2

Building: CO. LIMERICK, CASTLECONNELL, CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS (CI, STRADBALLY PARISH)
Date: 1855a
Nature: Burial vault for Gen. Sir Richard Bourke (d.1855) of Thornfield House, Lisnagry.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 340(illus.)

Building: CO. GALWAY, AUGHRANE CASTLE
Date: ?
Nature: 'The Mansion-house consists of an ancient Castle (date 1260) to which is attached a beuatiful and commanding modern Mansion, built of cut-stone, under the directions of the late James Paine, Esq., Architect[i.e.G.R. or James?]'
Refs: Sale catalogue, 8 May 1863, published in M.C. Lyons, Illustrated Incumbered Estates (1993), 219-20(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, GLENWILLIAM CASTLE
Date: ?
Nature: Addition of castellated tower by James & G.R. Pain, for Edward Atkinson.
Refs: Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 140

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, GOOLD'S MEADOWS, HOUSES
Date: ?
Nature: Terrace of houses. With G.R. Pain, for W.H.W. Newenham.
Refs: Drawing in IAA (Acc. 82/59.3)

Building: CO. CORK, CUSKINNY HOUSE (COBH)
Date: ?
Nature: Proposed Tudor entrance front. For Savage French (d.1834).
Refs: Elevation and part plan in collection of Myrtle Allen, Ballymaloe, Co. Cork (photographed by IAA)

Building: CO. CORK, YOUGHAL, FRIAR STREET, GAOL (PROPOSED)
Date: ?
Nature: Alternative proposals for gaol. With G.R. Pain. To be completed by 1 May 1826 at cost of £2,394. (Apparently unexecuted, see Samuel Lewis, A Topographical dictionary of Ireland (1837) and Parliamentary Gazetteer (1844)).
Refs: Plans & elevations, specifications, signed James & Geo. R. Pain, Cork City and County Archives, U 138 (photocopy in Jones file P2; MS. letter (in Cork Archives Institute?) (B of I).

Building: CO. CORK, YOUGHAL, MARKET & SESSIONS HOUSE
Date: ?
Nature: Proposed 7-bay classical structure. With G.R. Pain. (Unexecuted?)
Refs: Photocopy of elevation, signed James & Geo. R. Pain, in Jones file P2 (location of original unknown)

Building: CO. TIPPERARY, CAHIR, SWISS COTTAGE
Date: ?
Nature: Supervises work at same, with G.R. Pain.
Refs: Country Life 141, 22 Sep 1966; Mary Cecilia Lyons, Illustrated Incumbered Estates Ireland, 1850-1905 (1993), 739 (illus.).

Building: CO. CORK, LOTA BEG (GLANMIRE)
Date: ?
Nature: Entrance gate. By James &/or G.R. Pain (given to latter by Lee & Jacobs).
Refs: APSD VI, P, 7; Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 191(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 191

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, CEMETERY
Date: ?
Nature: Sheehan monument by 'Pain' (James and/or G.R.).
Refs: APSD II, C, ? (Cork entry); H. Potterton, Irish Church Monuments 1570-1880 (UAHS, 1975), 73

Building: CO. GALWAY, LOUGHREA, CHURCH (CI)
Date: ?
Nature: By 'Mr Pain'. (Lewis says church was built in 1821 and repaired after spire was knocked down by lightning in Dec 1832.)
Refs: Hely Dutton, A Statistical and agricultural surveyof the county of Galway (1824), ? (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. CORK, WATERGRASSHILL, CHURCH (CI)
Date: ?
Nature: -
Refs: Letter from Captain P.M.B. Chavasse to E. McParland, 10 Mar 1973 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. ROSCOMMON, ROCKINGHAM (BOYLE)
Date: ?
Nature: Work for Nash.
Refs: NLI, MS. 8810 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, MOUNT SHANNON
Date: ?
Nature: Work for 2nd Earl of Clare, either supervising remodelling to designs of Lewis Wyatt or carrying out subsequent alts.
Refs: NLI MS. 1757 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44); Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 216(illus.); David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 31-32(illus.)

Building: CO. WEXFORD, JOHNSTOWN CASTLE
Date: ?
Nature: Proposed new front (3-storey, symmetrical, Gothic, with stepped battlements)
Refs: 'Copy of a Design for new front to Johnstown Castle by Pain' by Sandham Symes in collection of William Harvey (a descendant of Sandham Symes), 86 Beechwood Drive, Broomhill, Glasgow;

Building: CO. CORK, CASTLE KEVIN (KILLAVULLEN)
Date: ?
Nature: 'turreted cut-stone porch designed by James Pain' (Hajba)..
Refs: Anna-Maria Hajba, Houses of Cork I (2002), 105(illus.)

Building: CO. LIMERICK, THORNFIELD (LISNAGRY)
Date: ?
Nature: Cornices, for Gen. Sir Richard Bourke.
Refs: David Lee & Debbie Jacobs, James Pain, architect (Limerick Civic Trust, 2005), 228-9(illus.)

Author Title Date Details
Green, J.f. 'James and George Richard Pain' ? Article in ? (post 1960), 4-10 (photocopy in Jones files).
Lee, David 'James and George Pain - Gothic Architects' 2000 Georgian Limerick 1714-1845 (Limerick Civic Trust, 2000), 216-258.
Lee, David, & Jacobs, Debbie James Pain, Architect 2005 Limerick Civic Trust, 2005. (Copy in IAA)
Lynch, Patrick Joseph 'James and George Richard Pain, architects' 1919 IB 61, 22 Nov 1819, 526.
Mcdermott, Matthew J. 'Notable Irish Architectural Families, 4: James & George Richard Pain' 1979 RIAI Year Book (1979), 65-68.