Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

Building contractor and architect, of Dublin, active in the first and second decades of the nineteenth century. In about 1804 David Henry and BERNARD MULLINS  BERNARD MULLINS took over the contract for the extension of the Grand Canal from Tullamore to the Shannon after the death of MICHAEL HAYES. MICHAEL HAYES. (1) Not long afterwards, circa 1808, Henry, Mullins and JOHN MCMAHON  JOHN MCMAHON came together to tender for the restoration and extension of the County of Kildare Canal for the Grand Canal Company and were awarded the contract for the work, which was completed by 1810.(2) The partnership of HENRY, MULLINS & MULLINS & amp; MCMAHON  MCMAHON became leading contractors for government projects in Ireland until it was dissolved in 1827. This dissolution appears to have been a formality rather than a parting of the ways.

David Henry was also an architect and in 1825 applied unsuccessfully to succeed FRANCIS JOHNSTON  FRANCIS JOHNSTON as architect to the Board of Works. In his letter of application, written from 92 St Stephen's Green and dated 16 January 1826, he wrote: 'The qualifications upon which…I…ground my pretensions, are, a long and intimate aquaintance with the various departments of Civil Architecture in which I have been employed on an extensive scale, planning, superintending, executing, or directing several of the most important Public works and private buildings in Ireland, during the last thirty years; namely, the Queen's County Gaol and Infirmary under the auspices of Lord Maryborough and Mr Cosby; Palaces for the Bishops of Meath and Clogher; the Cathedral, Law Courts, Gaol and Town Hall of the City of Londonderry, for which I gave Designs and executed the Works; I have also had the execution of the Government Docks and Warehouses in Dublin and Sligo; and the Extension of the Grand and Royal Canals to the Shannon.'(3)

Henry died on 24 November 1836, leaving a widow, Margaret. He was buried in the Pro-Cathedral, Marlborough Street, Dublin. His eldest son Thomas Henry (1807-1876) became a distinguished magistrate and barrister in London. DAVID JOSEPH HENRY  DAVID JOSEPH HENRY may have been another son.

The Irish Architectural Archive holds two drawings by Henry: a design for a doorway, signed and dated 1811, in the Woodbrook Collection, Acc. 77/26.2, and an undated plan of a design for stables, Acc. 80/10.22. There is a design for a school in a letter written from Armagh in 1816 in the National Library of Ireland.(4) However some drawings inscribed with his name are not in his own hand and not even his own designs. These drawings are by OWEN FAHY OWEN FAHY , a former draughtsman of RICHARD MORRISON RICHARD MORRISON , who sometimes inscribed Henry's name on designs which are known to be by Morrison.(6) The reasons for this are not clear.

Addresses: 14 Hume St, 1820-21; 92 St Stephen's Green, 1822-23.

See WORKS. See also HENRY, MULLINS & MULLINS & amp; MCMAHON MCMAHON . See also BERNARD MULLINS. BERNARD MULLINS.



References



(1) Ruth Delany, The Grand Canal of Ireland (1973), 54.
(2) Ruth Delany, Ireland's Inland Waterways (1988), 83-84.
(3) NA/SPO CSORP 1825/12,887 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(5) NLI PF 34 (lot 1048) (old ref.) (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc. 2008/44).
(6) These drawings all come from the dispersed Henry, Mullins & McMahon collection and include designs for Bearforest, Co. Cork, now in the collection of Thomas Pakenham at Tullynally, and a design for the stables at Castle Coole, now in the IAA.


15 work entries listed in chronological order for HENRY, DAVID


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Building: CO. KILDARE, MOYVALLEY, ROYAL CANAL HOTEL
Date: 1805-07
Nature: Opened 1807. ?Built by David Henry
Refs: Section, elevations, plans in Henry, Mullins & McMahon album, Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland.

Building: CO. SLIGO, SLIGO, DOCKS & WAREHOUSES
Date: 1805ca
Nature: Constructed by David Henry. (Plan includes Queen's Stores and New Custom House).
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1825/12,887 (application by DH to succeed Johnston as architect to Board of Works) (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); 'Plan of the Quay and Superstructures' at Sligo on paper watermarked 1805 in IAA, Neptune Gallery drawings, 85/78.3/1

Building: CO. OFFALY, SHANNON HARBOUR, HOTEL
Date: 1806
Nature: Completed 1806. Built by David Henry.
Refs: Unfinished elevation of this hotel or Robertstown in Henry, Mullins & McMahon album, Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland; Ruth Delany, The Grand Canal of Ireland (1973), 138

Building: CO. ARMAGH, ARMAGH, SCHOOL
Date: 1816
Nature: ?Designed by Henry.
Refs: Drawing(s) in NLI PF 34 (lot 1048) (E.McP.; old ref.); unsigned ground and first-floor plans from the Henry, Mullins & McMahon Collection, now in the collection of Thomas Pakenham, Tullynally, ref. M35.

Building: CO. TYRONE, CLOGHER, BISHOP'S PALACE
Date: 1822-23
Nature: DH architect and contractor for central block. Completed 1823 for Bishop Robert Tottenham, Bishop of Clogher, 1822-1850.  Initial work for Bishop Lord John George Beresford,1819-1820; wings earlier, left wing 1779., right wing about 1817). Contractors: Henry, Mullins & MacMahon.
Refs: Undated [but presumably 1822] front and rear elevations, signed by D. Henry, Bern. Mullins, John McMahon and Robert Clogher but undated, in IAA, Acc. 2001/156 (bought from Mealy's, Castlecomer, Co. Kilkenny, 5 Dec 1001, Lot 564); CSO/RP/1822/2389 (old ref. CSORP 1822/3027); CSORP1825/12,887, CSORP 1825/12,887 (old refs. from (Edward McParland files, IAAS Acc.2008/44); NLI MS 3916 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); Angélique Day & Patrick McWilliams, eds. Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland: Parishes of Co. Tyrone 1 (1990), 28;  JRSAI 26   (1896), 272;  Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North West Ulster (1979), 192-3.

Building: CO. LAOIS, PORTLAOISE, COUNTY INFIRMARY
Date: 1823
Nature: Built (and designed?) by DH.
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1825/12,887 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. LAOIS, PORTLAOISE, COUNTY GAOL (NEW)
Date: 1823
Nature: Built by DH. Architect: William Deane Butler.
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1823/6075, 1825/12,887 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. MEATH, ARDBRACCAN
Date: 1824
Nature: DH designs? and executes work at same.
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1825/12,887 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44). (Application by DH to succeed Johnston as architect to Board of Works); detail drawing of ceiling rose at Ardbraccan, signed and dated 'H,M & MacM', June 1824, in IAA, Guinness Collection, Acc. 96/68.5/4/3.

Building: CO. DERRY, DERRY, CATHEDRAL OF ST COLUMB (CI)
Date: 1825a
Nature: Works at same. (ie ?removal of South Porch)
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1825/12,887 (application by DH to succeed Johnston as architect to Board of Works) (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44);  engraving by T.Badge inscr. 'Elevation of the East Front of the Cathedral Church of Derry from Designs for the restoration of that Edifice, by Henry, Mullins & MacMahon, Dublin 1822' (see https://twitter.com/thederrywalls/status/707848936460066816 )

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, PRISON (PROPOSED)
Date: 1826
Nature: David Henry submits plan for circular prison to replace Newgate.
Refs: Parliamentary Papers 1826 (184) xxiii, 375 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)

Building: CO. DERRY, DERRY, COUNTY ROOMS
Date: ?
Nature: Graham says DH was 'planner of the county rooms' - ie. at court house?
Refs: ; Henry Heaney, ed., A Scottish Whig in Ireland, 1835-1838: the Irish Journals of Robert Graham of Redgorton (Dublin, 1999), 302 (journal entry for 9 Oct 1836)

Building: CO. DERRY, DERRY, TOWN HALL
Date: ?
Nature: Named by DH, 1825, as one of buildings 'for which I gave Designs and executed the Works'.
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1825/12,887 (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44); Henry Heaney, ed., A Scottish Whig in Ireland, 1835-1838: the Irish Journals of Robert Graham of Redgorton (Dublin, 1999), 302 (journal entry for 9 Oct 1836)

Building: CO. DERRY, CHURCHFIELD COTTAGE? (MUFF)
Date: ?
Nature: 'a very neat cottage residence...built by Mr Henry, a Dublin architect' on l. side of road from Ballynagard to Muff
Refs: Henry Heaney, ed., A Scottish Whig in Ireland, 1835-1838: the Irish Journals of Robert Graham of Redgorton (Dublin, 1999), 302 (journal entry for 9 Oct 1836)

Building: CO. DOWN, HILLSBOROUGH CASTLE
Date: ?
Nature: Did DH work here?
Refs: Elevation & plans, inscribed roughly in pencil 'Hilsborough House' in Henry, Mullins & McMahon album, Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland, but the design appears to bear no relation to the house as it is at present.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, DOCKS & WAREHOUSES
Date: ?
Nature: Constructed by David Henry.
Refs: NA/SPO CSORP 1825/12,887 (application by DH to succeed Johnston as architect to Board of Works) (IAA, Edward McParland files, Acc.2008/44)