Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

English architect, for whom see Susan Weber Soros, ed., E.W. Godwin, Aesthetic Movement Architect and Designer (Yale University Press, 1999). For Godwin in Ireland, see also Aileen Reid, 'Dromore Castle, Co. Limerick: Archaeology and the Sister Arts of E.W. Godwin', Architectural History 30 (1987), 113-142. Edward Godwin was born and trained in Bristol. In 1856(1) he went to Co. Derry to help his brother JOSEPH LUCAS GODWIN  JOSEPH LUCAS GODWIN with competition designs for the new bridge over the River Foyle in Derry. He remained in Ireland for about two years, returning to Bristol in 1859 or 1860.(2) While he was in Ireland he received commissions for three Catholic churches in north west Ulster, at St Johnstown and Newtowncunningham, Co. Donegal, and on Tory Island, all designed between 1857 and 1861. During this Irish period he also designed a number of small cottages with attached pigsties.(3) Some ten years later, after he had returned to England and formed a partnership with HENRY CRISP HENRY CRISP , he designed two country houses in the south west of Ireland: Dromore Castle, Co. Limerick (1867-70) and Glenbeigh Towers, Co. Kerry (1870-71). At Dromore he was severely frustrated by problems with damp, which prevented the house from being properly finished inside, and at Glenbeigh the client, Rowland Winn, threatened him with legal action because the building leaked so badly.(4) Describing these problems in a lecture delivered in Manchester in 1878, he advised young English architects to refuse commissions in Ireland on account of the difficulties caused by damp.(5) This did not prevent him from entering the competition for designing the National Museum and National Library in 1881.



On his visits to Ireland Godwin made a study of Irish antiquities. One of his tours was made in the summer of 1867 with WILLIAM BURGES. WILLIAM BURGES. (6) Four of his sketch books dated 1859,1868,1868-69 and 1869-72 in the Victoria & Albert Museum include drawings of Irish churches, abbeys and castles as well as decorative motifs from manuscripts and objects in the Royal Irish Academy.(7) A series of articles by him 'On the architecture and antiquities of the western part of the province of Ulster' appeared in The Architect during 1872,(8) as did his measured drawings of Kilcolman Castle, near Doneraile, Co. Cork.(9)



The architectural drawings by Godwin in the RIBA include designs for Dromore and Glenbeigh, as well as an undated but early design for a thatched Irish cottage with three bedrooms and a central stone chimney.(10) His Irish sketch book dated 1869-72 in the Victoria & Albert Museum contains notes on designing an Irish Constabulary Barracks. (11) Godwin & Crisp's MS. partnership funds notebook for the years 1864-1869, recording Godwin's expenses during the period when Dromore and Glenbeigh were under construction, is in the collection of David Griffin, Monkstown, Co. Dublin (2015). 



See WORKS.



References



(1) Evidence of James Hayden, solicitor, in case of Rankin v. Cowan,  court of Probate, Dublin, 27 Jan 1865 (Irish Times, 28 Jan 1865).
(2) A letter to The Builder from Godwin on neo-Gothic architecture published in B 15, 31 Jan 1857, 60, is addressed from Culmore, Co. Donegal.
(3) His designs for 'The Cabin of an Irish Patriot' were published in British Architect 15, 25 Feb 1881; see Soros, op. cit. above, p. 362.
(4) Reid, op. cit., 113; Winn enlisted J.F. Fuller, to put matters right, see J.F. Fuller, Omniana (1916), 205 (where the house is wrongly referred to as Rosbeigh Castle).
(5) IB 20, 15 Dec 1878, 357.
(6) Reid, op. cit., 125. Burges was the winner of the competition for designing St Finbarre's Cathedral in Cork in 1863, which Godwin had also entered.
(7) E.228-1963 A123B; E.275-1963 A1236; E.360-367-1963 A124; E.230-1963 A123B;
(8) Architect 7 (1872), 195,225,234,249,278; material collected by Godwin for an architectural history of Co. Donegal is in the British Architectural Library manuscripts collection, GoE/3/3/-GoE/7/7.
(9) Architect 8, 17 Aug 1872, 91.
(10) Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects G-K, 41 (no. 104).
(11) E.360-367-1963 A124; see also note 2, above, which possibly refers to the same design.


8 work entries listed in chronological order for GODWIN, EDWARD WILLIAM #


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Building: CO. DONEGAL, ST JOHNSTOWN, CHURCH OF ST BAITHEN (RC)
Date: 1857-1860
Nature: New cruciform church. FS laid 4 Apr 1857. Dedicated 9 Dec 1860. Builder: Samuel McElwee. Stonework contractor: Gore, Derry. Cost: £2,000. Stone carving on spandrels and corbels of W window: Mr Doherty, Derry.
Refs: B 15, 11 Apr,9 May 1857, 211,258-9(illus.); DB 2, 1 Nov,1 Dec 1860, 363, 367-8; 3, 1 Dec 1861, 692; Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland, typescript copy of doctoral dissertation, Yale University, 1970, II, 492-3; Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North West Ulster (1979), 482.

Building: CO. DONEGAL, TORY ISLAND, CHURCH (RC)
Date: 1857-61
Nature: Small Gothic church. Cost: £392.
Refs: DB 3, 15 Jul 1861, 578; Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North West Ulster (1979), 501

Building: CO. DONEGAL, NEWTOWNCUNNINGHAM, CHURCH (RC)
Date: 1861
Nature: New church on site of earlier chapel. Nave, apsidal chancel, porch, sacristy, bell tower. Stained glass: Barff & Co., Dublin.
Refs: DB 2, 1 Jun 1860, 282; Alistair Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland: North West Ulster (1979), 438

Building: CO. CORK, CORK, BISHOP STREET, CATHEDRAL OF ST FINN BARRE (CI)
Date: 1862
Nature: Competition entrant. Design exh. at Architectural Exhibition, London, Apr 1863.
Refs: Perspective view in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA drawings collection PB517/7(1-2), see British Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/QY0BWPhHh3/MAIN_CAT/201970011/9 (last visited May 2009), and Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects G-K (1973), 29 (no. 15);  DB 5, 15 Apr 1863, 66 (citing B 21, 28 Mar 1863, 217-8);  Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal 26 (Apr 1863), 91


Building: CO. LIMERICK, DROMORE CASTLE
Date: 1866-67
Nature: New castle in form of a massive keep, flanked by lower buildings of varying heights balanced by reproduction of ancient Irishround tower. With Henry Crisp, for 3rd Earl of Limerick. Problems with damp.
Refs: Drawings, 1867-69, in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA Drawings Collection PB518/1(1-75), PB510/15(1-31), also papers in RIBA Archive, GoE/1-3/2, see British Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/ (last visited May 2009) and Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects G-K (1973), 30 (no. 17); MSS relating to alts., adds. and furniture design, 1867-1869, in British Architectural Library manuscripts collection, GoE/1-GoE/3/2; designs for waterworks and view of castle in sketchbook in V & A, E.230-1963 A123B; designs for banners and interior of chapel at Dromore also in V & A, E. 360-367-1963 A124; RA 1867, no. 888; RA 1869, no. 1012; Building News 14 (1867), 222,224-5(illus.),755,758-9(illus.); Architect 4, 20 Aug 1870, 104(illus.); IB 20, 15 Dec 1878, 357; 42, 15 Jan 1900, 239(illus.); 43, 24 Oct 1901, 906(illus.); Dudley Harbron, The conscious stone: the life of Edward William Godwin (London, 1949), 62-4,70,73,78; Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland, typescript copy of doctoral dissertation, Yale University, 1970, II, 694-701; Aileen Reid, 'Dromore Castle…Archaeology and the sister arts of E.W. Godwin', Architectural History 30 (1987), 113-142; Mark Bence-Jones, 'An Aesthete's Irish Castle', Country Life 136, 12 Nov 1964, 1274

Building: CO. KERRY, GLENBEIGH TOWERS
Date: 1868-70
Nature: By Godwin and Henry Crisp for Hon. Rowland Winn. House leaked badly and work was taken over by J.F. Fuller. Winn entered action against Godwin and Crisp for cost of Fuller's successful intervention, 'but the defendants caved in , and the trial never took place'.
Refs: Ground plan and elevation, 1870 in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA Drawings Collection PB519/4(1-12) , seeBritish Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/QY0BWPhHh3/MAIN_CAT/201970011/9 (last visited May 2009) and Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects G-K (1973), 32, (no. 23), see also p. 41 (no. 105) for what may be an early proposal for the house; drawings of house and entrance gate in sketchbook in V & A, E.230-1963 A123B; RA 1868, no. 881; B 28, 21 May (1870), 400; Architect 5, 13 May 1871, 248(illus.; original drawing by Axel Haig in IAA, Acc. 98/35); IB 43, 28 Aug 1902, 1378(illus.); C.L. Eastlake, A History of the Gothic Revival (1872), 426,427; Dudley Harbron, The conscious stone: the life of Edward William Godwin (London, 1949), 70-71,73,93,94; Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 136(illus.); Douglas Scott Richardson, Gothic Revival Architecture in Ireland, typescript copy of doctoral dissertation, Yale University, 1970, II, 692-3; J.F. Fuller, 'Reminiscences of Fifty Years', IB Jubilee Number 1909, 26; J.F. Fuller, Omniana (1916), 203

Building: ? , ?, CONSTABULARY BARRACKS
Date: 1869
Nature: New constabulary barracks.
Refs: Drawings in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA Drawings Collection PB519/6(1-2), see British Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/QY0BWPhHh3/MAIN_CAT/201970011/9 (last visited May 2009).

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, KILDARE STREET, NATIONAL MUSEUM
Date: 1881-82
Nature: Unselected competition entrant in first competition.
Refs: Drawings in Victoria & Albert Museum, RIBA drawings collection PA283/1(1-11), see British Architectural Library Catalogue, http://riba.sirsidynix.net.uk/uhtbin/cgisirsi/QY0BWPhHh3/MAIN_CAT/201970011/9 (last visited May 2009) and Jill Lever, ed., Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects G-K (1973), 31

Author Title Date Details
Godwin, Edward William 'On the architecture and antiquities of the western part of the province of Ulster' 1872 Architect 7 (Jan-Jun 1872), 195,225,234,249,278.