Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940

Politician and building developer of Dublin.(1) Nathaniel Clements, who was born in 1705, was the fifth son of Robert Clements, of Rathkenny, Co. Cavan, High Sheriff of Co. Cavan and MP for Newry. From relatively modest beginnings he became one of the most prominent figures in Irish political and social life, regarded as a connoisseur of architecture and an arbiter of taste and fashion. He was a protégé of Luke Gardiner and was associated with him in building developments on the north side of Dublin, particularly Henrietta Street, where he was responsible for completing the east side of the street. Anthony Malcomson, who has minutely examined the Clements archive, has found no documentary evidence that Clements himself actually designed any buildings, even when he was otherwise involved in their construction either as client or agent. During the forty-three years between his appointment as Deputy-Ranger of the Phoenix Park in 1734 and his death in 1777, he made many improvements to the landscaping of the park, and, after he obtained the Rangership in 1750, built the Ranger's Lodge for himself;  this house, much enlarged and altered, became the Vice-Regal Lodge and is now the residence of the President of Ireland, Áras an Uachtaráin.

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References

For an exhaustive account of Clements's many activities, see A.L.P. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements. Government and the Governing Elite in Ireland, 1725-75 (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2005)  The Clements Archive (Dublin: Irish Manuscripts Commission, Dublin, 2010) and, most pertinently, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015).  The latter revises and fills out the account of Clements's building activities in Desmond FitzGerald's 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses', Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 314-21. 


17 work entries listed in chronological order for CLEMENTS, NATHANIEL


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Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, HENRIETTA STREET, NO. 007
Date: 1733
Nature: Built for his own occupation by NC
Refs: Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 315;  A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 43-45.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, HENRIETTA STREET, NO. 008
Date: 1733a
Nature: '...a number of persuasive pieces of evidence unite to suggest strongly that Clements was its builder, and that it was ready for occupation by 1733 and probably by the early months of that year'.
Refs: A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 42.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, PHOENIX PARK
Date: 1734-1777
Nature: NC involved in and, from 1752, responsible for improvements to landscaping.
Refs: A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015),85-105.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, HENRIETTA STREET, NO. 005 & 6 (THOMOND HOUSE)
Date: 1739-1741
Nature: New house (subsequently divided into two) built by NC for 8th Earl of Thomond.
Refs: A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015),45-47.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, HENRIETTA STREET, NO. 004
Date: 1740ca
Nature: New house built by NC.
Refs: A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015),

Building: CO. MEATH, BOYNE HILL
Date: 1750ca
Nature: Owned ?and designed by Nathaniel Clements.
Refs: Information from - Harper, owner of the house, Dec 1997, but not mentioned by Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966 ,or A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015).

Building: CO. DUBLIN, DUBLIN, PHOENIX PARK, RANGER'S OR PHOENIX LODGE
Date: 1751ca
Nature: Built by Clements for his own occupation.  Malcomson suggests it to be 'a multi-authored rather than an autograph building'.  Engraved by Thomas Milton, 1789.
Refs: A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 106-128.

Building: CO. MEATH, BEAUPARC
Date: 1755ca
Nature: New house, for Gustavus Lambart, MP.  Attr. to Clements by Desmond FitzGerald, but attribution questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966 ,or

Building: CO. CAVAN, BELVIEW
Date: 1765ca
Nature: Attr. to Clements by Desmond FitzGerald, but attribution questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 317(illus.);  A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 157-8.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, WOODVILLE (LUCAN)
Date: 1768p
Nature: New house attributed to NC by Desmond Fitzgerald;  attribution questioned by Malcomson, who suggests that it was probably built by Robert Deey.
Refs: A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 43-45.

Building: CO. KILDARE, LODGE PARK
Date: 1775-7
Nature: New house for Hugh Henry. Attr. to Clements by Desmond FitzGerald, but attribution questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 320-321(illus.);  A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015),155-157.

Building: CO. KILDARE, KILLADOON
Date: 1776a
Nature: New house, built by Robert Clements, son of Nathaniel Clements.  Visited by Arthur Young, 25 Jun 1776: 'to Mr Clements' at Killadoon, who has lately built an excellent house…'   NC tentatively suggested as its architect, but according to Bence-Jones, 'apart from having the "pattern-book" tripartite doorway with a fanlight, a baseless pediment and engaged columns, which he [Nathaniel Clements] seems to have favoured, it lacks the characteristics of the houses known to be by him or convincingly attributed to him' (Bence-Jones).  Attribution also questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Arthur Young, A Tour in Ireland…Selected & edited by Constantia Maxwell (1925), 7; Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 321, n.23;  Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Guide to Country Houses. Volume I, Ireland. (London, 1978), 169(illus.);  A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 146-150.

Building: CO. KILDARE, KNOCKNATULLA, BRIDESTREAM HOUSE
Date: ?
Nature: New house consisting of small central block and two flanking pavilions.  Attrribution to Clements suggested by Desmond FitzGerald, but questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Arthur Young, A Tour in Ireland…Selected & edited by Constantia Maxwell

Building: CO. KILDARE, NEWBERRY HALL
Date: ?
Nature: New house for Arthur Pomeroy, cr. Viscount Harberton, 1783. Attr. to Clements by Desmond FitzGerald, but attribution questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 320(illus.);  A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 154-5.

Building: CO. KILDARE, WILLIAMSTOWN
Date: ?
Nature: New house for Adam Williams.  Attr. to Clements by Desmond FitzGerald, but attribution questioned by Malcomson.  Plan almost identical to that of Colganstown.
Refs: A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015).

Building: CO. DUBLIN, BROOKELAWN
Date: ?
Nature: New house for Francis Brooke. Attr. to Clements by Desmond FitzGerald, but attribution questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 316(illus.),317;  A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 158.

Building: CO. DUBLIN, COLGANSTOWN
Date: ?
Nature: New house for Samuel Yeates (or Yates). Attr. to Clements by Desmond FitzGerald, but attribution questioned by Malcomson.
Refs: Desmond FitzGerald, 'Nathaniel Clements and some eighteenth-century Irish Houses' in Apollo 84, Oct 1966, 318-19(illus.);  A.P.W. Malcomson, Nathaniel Clements, 1705-77. Politics, fashion and architecture in mid-eighteenth-century Ireland (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015), 158.